Fissidens microstictus Dixon & Luisier (1937)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct (Sérgio et al., 1992; Sim-Sim et al., 2014, 2019)

Last record: 1982

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


The only known habitat of the species is highly urbanized and subject to extensive tourism (Sim-Sim et al., 2014, 2019). It was already considered extinct a decade after the last known record (Sérgio et al., 1992).



Madeira Island, Portugal


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Dixo & Luisier in: Luisier, A. (1937). Recherches bryologiques récentes à Madère. II. Brotéria, Série Ciências Naturais 6: 88-95.


Other references:

Sérgio, C., Schumacker, R., Fontinha, S. and Sim-Sim, M. (1992). Evaluation of the status of the bryophyte flora of Madeira with reference to endemic and threatened European species. Biological Conservation 59(2-3): 223-231.

Sim-Sim, M., Hodgetts, N., Martins, A. & Gabriel, R. (2019). Fissidens microstictus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T84768245A87713260. Downloaded on 26 July 2019.

Sim-Sim, Manuela, Ruas, Sara, Fontinha, Susana S., Hedenäs, Lars, Sérgio, C. and Lobo, C. (2014). Bryophyte conservation on a North Atlantic hotspot: threatened bryophytes in Madeira and Selvagens Archipelagos (Portugal). Systematics and Biodiversity 12(3): 315-330.


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