Neopilina galatheae Lemche, 1957



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1959 (Parker, 1961; Wolff, 1961; both fide Chen & Jamieson, 2023 [preprint])

Since rediscovered (Chen & Jamieson, 2023 [preprint])


Distribution & Habitat

The Americas


Anatomy & Morphology



Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Lemche, H. (1957). A New Living Deep-Sea Mollusc of the Cambro-Devonian Class Monoplacophora. Nature 179(4556): 413-416.


Other references:

Chen, Chong and Jamieson, John W. (2023). In situ observation and range extension of the first monoplacophoran Neopilina galatheae. bioRxiv preprint.

Lemche, H. and Wingstrand, K. G. (1959). The anatomy of Neopilina galatheae Lemche, 1957. Galathea Report 3: 9-71.

Menzies, R. J., Ewing, M., Worzel, J. L. and Clarke, A. H. (1959). Ecology of the Recent Monoplacophora. Oikos 10(2): 168-182.

Schwabe, Enrico. (2008). A summary of reports of abyssal and hadal Monoplacophora and Polyplacophora (Mollusca), pp. 205-222. In: Martínez Arbizu, P. and Brix, S. (eds.). Bringing Light into Deep-sea Biodiversity. Zootaxa 1866(1): 1-574.

Wolff, T. (1961). Animal life from a single abyssal trawling. Galathea 2 Report 5: 129-162.

Yonge, C. M. (1957). Reflexions on the monoplacophoran, Neopilina galatheae Lemche. Nature 179(4561): 672-673.


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