Tulipa sprengeri Baker, 1894:716



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild

Last record: before 1914



Amasya region, Turkey


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Baker, J. G. (1894). Tulipa sprengeri, Baker n.sp. Gard. Chron. 15: 716.


Other references:

Ekim, T. & al. (1989). Türkiye'nin tehlike altindakinadir ve endemik bitki turleri: 1-227. Ankara.

Hawkes, J. G., Maxted, N. and Ford-Lloyd, B. V. (2000). Field Gene Banks, Botanic Gardens In Vitro, DNA and Pollen Conservation, pp. 92-107. In: The Ex Situ Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources. Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Humphreys, Aelys M. et al. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Abstract] [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Maunder, Mike et al. (2001). The genetic status and conservation management of two cultivated bulb species extinct in the wild: Tecophilaea cyanocrocus (Chile) and Tulipa sprengeri (Turkey). Conservation Genetics 2(3): 193-201. [Abstract]

Sprenger C (1895) Tulipa sprengeri. Gartenflora, 44, 57–58 (Tab. 1411).

Walter, Kerry S. and Gillett, Harriet J. (eds.). (1998). 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK: IUCN – The World Conservation Union. lxiv + 862 pp.

Wiens, Andrew. (2020). Tulipa sprengeri: The Long Lost Tulip. Unpublished?

Wilford, Richard and Fay, Michael F. (2007). Tulipa sprengeri: Liliaceae. Curtis' Botanical Magazine 24(4): 211-216. [Abstract]


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