Urania sloanus Cramer, 1779

Sloan's urania



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Papilio sloanus Cramer, 1779; Cydimon sloanus Camer, 1779


Conservation Status


Last record: 1894/95 (generally accepted); 1908 (Vinciguerra, 2009); 1970's (source)





Biology & Ecology




The Natural History Museum of Jamaica (NHMJ) holds fifteen pinned specimens:





Original scientific description:

Cramer, P. (1779). Papillons Exotiques des Trois Parties du Monde, L’Asie, L’Afrique et L’Amerique, 1: 155 pp. Baalde and Barthelemy Wild, Amsterdam and Utretch.


Other references:

Adams CD (1972) Flowering plants of Jamaica. University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica. 848 pp.

Cramer P (1775–1780) De uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America—Papillons exotiques des trois parties du monde l'Asie, l'Afrique et l'Amerique. Amsteldam, Chez S. J. Baalde, 1775–1780.

Domagała, Paweł J. and Dobosz, Roland. (2019). Urania sloanus (Cramer, 1779) (Lepidoptera: Uraniidae), an Enigmatic Extinct Species in Polish Museum Collections. Annales Zoologici 69(4): 697-702. [Abstract]

Domagała, P., Larysz, A., Dobosz, R. and González, J. M. (2015). Urania sloanus (Cramer, 1779), an extinct species in the collection of the Upper Silesian Museum (Muzeum Górnośląskie), Bytom, Poland (Lepidoptera: Uraniidae). SHILAP Revista de Lepidopterologia 43(171): 455-460.

Gosse, P. H. (1851). A Naturalist’s Sojourn in Jamaica. London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans. 572 pp.

Gosse, P. H. (1880). Urania sloanus at home. Entomologist, 13: 133-135.

Gosse, P. H. (1881). Urania sloanus at home: II. The larva and pupa. Entomologist 14: 241-245. 

Hawkins, S. A. (2010). Sir Hans Sloane (1660-1735): his life and legacy. Ulster Medical Journal 79(1): 25-29. [relevant citation?]

Hemsley WB (1885) Report of the scientific results of the voyage of HMS Challenger during the years 1873–76. Botany, 1 (3). Reports on the botany of Juan Fernandez, the south-eastern Moluccas, and the Admiralty Islands. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London. 333 pp.

Lees, D. C. and Smith, N. G. (1991). Foodplant associations of the Uraniinae (Uraniidae) and their Systematic, Evolutionary, and ecological significance. Journal of the Lepidopterists Society 45(4): 296-347.

Lewis CB (1944) The Jamaica Emperor. Natural History Society of Jamaica 2: 133.

Nazari V, Schmidt BC, Prosser S, Hebert PDN. (2016). Century-Old DNA Barcodes Reveal Phylogenetic Placement of the Extinct Jamaican Sunset Moth, Urania sloanus Cramer (Lepidoptera: Uraniidae). PLoS ONE 11(10): e0164405.

Perkins, L. (1944).  Urania sloanus. Natural History Society of Jamaica 2: 144.

Sagra, R. De La. (1857). Histoire Physique, Politique et naturelle de L’Ile de Cuba: 868 pp. Arthus Berntrand ed., Paris.

Sloane, H. (1725). A Voyage to the Islands Madera, Barbadoes, Nieves, St Christophers, and Jamaica; with the Natural History of the Herbs and Trees, Four-Footed, Beasts, Fishes, Birds, Insects, Reptiles, & C. Of the lasts of those Islands, 2: 272 pp. Author, London.

Townsend, C. H. T. (1893). Swarmings of Urania sloanus. Journal of the Institute of Jamaica 1: 379.

Vinciguerra, R. (2009). Osservazioni su Urania sloanus (Cramer, 1779) (Lepidoptera: Uraniidae). SHILAP Revista lepidopterológica 37(147): 307-312.