Glaucopsyche xerces (Boisduval, 1852)

Xerces blue

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Glaucopsyche lygdamus xerces Boisduval, 1852

 

Conservation Status

Extinct

Last record: 1942 or 1943; early 1940's (World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 1996)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct

 

Distribution

San Francisco, California, USA

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Boisduval, J. A. (1852). Lépidoptères de la Californie. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 10: 275-324.

 

Other references:

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Emmel, T.C. and Emmel, J. F. (1993). The xerces blue, Glaucopsyche xerces (Boisduval). Occasional Paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission; Conservation biology of Lycaenidae (butterflies). 137-138.

Grewe, Felix, Kronforst, Marcus R., Pierce, Naomi E. and Moreau, Corrie S. (2021). Museum genomics reveals the Xerces blue butterfly (Glaucopsyche xerces) was a distinct species driven to extinction. Biol. Lett. 17: 20210123. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2021.0123

Groombridge, B. (ed.). (1994). 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Henning, Graham. (2014). Lepidoptera Conservation in South Africa–Part 1. Babbel Blues 2(Spring): 17-24.

IUCN. (1990). IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

NatureServe. (2011). NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://www.natureserve.org/explorer (Accessed: September 17, 2011).

Seddon, Philip J., Moehrenschlager, Axel and Ewen, John. (In Press, 2014). Reintroducing resurrected species: selecting DeExtinction candidates. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. [Abstract]

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996a). Glaucopsyche xerces. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. (http://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 17 September 2011.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996b). Glaucopsyche xerces. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1996: e.T9244A12971422. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.1996.RLTS.T9244A12971422.en. Downloaded on 27 June 2021.

 

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