Euclemensia woodiella (Curtis, 1830:304)
Manchester tinea, Manchester moth
Taxonomy & Nomenclature
Synonym/s: Pancalia woodiella Curtis, 1830; Schiffermuelleria woodiella (Curtis, 1830); Schiffermulleria woodiella (lapsus)
Last record: June 1829
Rediscovered in 2013 or later (Ridout, 2016)
The species was originally described based upon specimens collected on Kersal Moor in Manchester, England in June 1829, after which it disappeared and was thought to represent the extinction of an endemic species (Gerlach, 2014). Even though the genus Euclemensia is otherwise restricted to North America, presenting something of an unresolved biogeographical mystery. Nearing 200 years later, the species was rediscovered in Texas, USA, after a July 2013 photo of E. schwartziella was re-identified as E. woodiella (Ridout, 2016).
Natural range: Texas, USA (Ridout, 2016)
Historical introduction (now extinct): Kersal Moor, Salford, Manchester, England (Ridout, 2016)
Biology & Ecology
Original scientific description:
Curtis, John (1830). Panacalia Woodiella: The Manchester Tinea. British Entomology : 304.
Gerlach, Justin. (2014). Extinct Animals of the British Isles. Cambridge: Phelsuma Press. [Available from Justin Gerlach]
Ridout, Brian. (2016). The 'manchester tinea', Euclemensia woodiella (Curtis, 1830) (Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae), an entomological mystery unravelled. Entomologist's Gazette 67(4): 257-265.
Watson, l. and Dallwitz, M. J. (2003). The Families of Lepidoptera. British Insects.