Stagnicola pilsbryi Hemphill, 1890:25

Fish Springs marshsnail, Fish Springs pond snail



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Lymnaea pilsbryi Hemphill, 1890; Galba pilsbryi Hemphill, 1890


Conservation Status


Last record: 1968

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Fish Spring, Juab County, Utah, USA


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Hemphill, Henry. (1890). New forms of western limniades. Nautilus 4(3): 25-27.


Other references:

Baker, F.C. 1911. The Lymnaeidae of North and Middle America[,] Recent and fossil. Chicago Academy of Sciences, Special Publication, 3: 539 pp.

Burch, J.B. 1989. North American Freshwater Snails. Malacological Publications: Hamburg, Michigan. 365 pp.

Clarke, A. H. (1991). Status survey of selected land and freshwater gastropods in Utah, Colorado, and Montana. Unpublished report prepared for the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service by Ecosearch, Inc., Portland, Texas.

Cordeiro, J. and Perez, K. (2012a). Stagnicola pilsbryi. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 28 August 2012.

Cordeiro, J. & Perez, K. 2012b. Stagnicola pilsbryi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T177724A1496235. Accessed on 19 June 2022.

Cowie, Robert H., Régnier, Claire, Fontaine, Benoît, and Bouchet, Philippe. (2017). Measuring the Sixth Extinction: what do mollusks tell us? The Nautilus 131(1): 3-41.

Hubendick, B. 1951. Recent Lymnaeidae. Their variation, morphology, taxonomy, nomenclature, and distribution. Kunglica Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar Series 4, 3(1): 1-223.

Johnson, P.D., Bogan, A.E., Brown, K.M., Burkhead, N.M., Cordeiro, J.R., Garner, J.T., Hartfield, P.D., Lepitzki, D.A.W., Mackie, G.L., Pip, E., Tarpley, T.A., Tiemann, J.S., Whelan, N.V. and Strong, E.E. 2013. Conservation Status of Freshwater Gastropods of Canada and the United States. Fisheries 38(6): 247-282.

NatureServe. 2015. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available (Accessed: January 2, 2016).

Oliver, G.V. and Bosworth III, W.R. (1999). Rare, imperiled, and recently extinct or extirpated mollusks of Utah. In: State of Utah Department of Natural Resources (ed.). Utah Division of Wildlife Resources, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Régnier, Claire, Fontaine, Benoît and Bouchet, Philippe. (2009). Not Knowing, Not Recording, Not Listing: Numerous Unnoticed Mollusk Extinctions. Conservation Biology 23(5): 1214-1221.

Russell, Richard H. (1971). Mollusca of Fish Springs, Juab County, Utah: rediscovery of Stagnicola pilsbryi (Hemphill, 1890). Great Basin Naturalist 31(4): 223-236.

Taylor, D.W., H.J. Walter, and J. Burch. 1963. Freshwater snails of the subgenus Hinkleyia (Lymnaeidae: Stagnicola) from the western United States. Malacologia 1(2): 237-281.

Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn, Jr., A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelsen, R.J. Neves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione, and J.D. Williams. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks. 2nd Edition. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26, Bethesda, Maryland: 526 pp.


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