Plutonia crassa (Groh & Hemmen, 1986)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status



"Described as an endemic fossil from the Quaternary beds of the Ponta de São Lourenço and possibly still alive in a tiny region in the northeast of Madeira, it is for the first time recorded fossil from Deserta Grande (Teixeira et al., in prep.)."

(Cameron et al., 2021:60)



Deserta Grande, Desertas Islands & Madeira, both Madeiran Archipelago


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Groh, Klaus and Hemmen, J. (1986). Zur Kenntnis der Vitrinidendes Madeira Archipels (Pulmonata: Vitrinidae). Archiv für Molluskenkunde 116: 1-39.

Other references:

Cameron, Robert A. D., Teixeira, Dinarte, Pokryszko, Beata, Silva, Isamberto and Groh, Klaus. (2021). An annotated checklist of the extant and Quaternary land molluscs of the Desertas Islands, Madeiran Archipelago. Journal of Conchology 44(1): 53-70.


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