Partula varia Broderip, 1832

Polynesian tree-snail (generic)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild

Last record: before 2000

IUCN RedList status: Extinct in the Wild



Huahine, Society Islands, French Polynesia


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Broderip, W.J. 1832. New species of shells collected by Mr. Cuming on the western coast of South America and in the islands of the South Pacific Ocean. Proc. Comm. Sci. Corr. Zool. Soc. Lond. 2: 124-126.


Other references:

Coote, T. 2009. Partula varia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T16295A5598031. . Downloaded on 12 November 2015.

Coote, T. and Loeve, E. (2003). From 61 species to five: endemic tree snails of the Society Islands, French Polynesia fall prey to an ill-judged biological control programme. Oryx 37(1): 91-96.

Cowie, Robert H., Régnier, Claire, Fontaine, Benoît, and Bouchet, Philippe. (2017). Measuring the Sixth Extinction: what do mollusks tell us? The Nautilus 131(1): 3-41.

Dalrymple, S. E., Abeli, T., Ewen, J. G., Gilbert, T. C., Hogg, C. J., Lloyd, N. A., Moehrenschlager, A., Rodríguez, J. P. and Smith, D. (2023). Addressing Threats and Ecosystem Intactness to Enable Action for Extinct in the Wild Species. Diversity 15: 268.

Gerlach, Justin. (2016). Icons of Evolution: Pacific Island tree-snails, family Partulidae. Cambridge, U.K.: Phelsuma Press. [Description of new species] [List of synonyms]

Gouveia, Ana Rita Peres Cardoso. (2011). Investigation of the Factors Affecting the Population Dynamics of Captive Partula Snails. Thesis, Imperial College London. 123 pp.

Lee, Taehwan et al. (2014). Evolutionary history of a vanishing radiation: isolation-dependent persistence and diversification in Pacific Island partulid tree snails.  BMC Evolutionary Biology 14: 202.

Régnier, Claire, Fontaine, Benoît and Bouchet, Philippe. (2009). Not Knowing, Not Recording, Not Listing: Numerous Unnoticed Mollusk Extinctions. Conservation Biology 23(5): 1214-1221.


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