Kaliella cruda Smith, 1909



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Missing or extinct



Christmas Island, Australia


Biology & Ecology




Type locality: Ross Hill, Christmas Island






Original scientific description:

Smith, E. A. (1909). List of Mollusca from Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 8(6): 369-372.

Other references:

Beeton, B., Burbidge, A., Grigg, G., Harrison, P., How, R., Humphreys, B., McKenzie, N. and Woinarski, J. C. Z. (2010). Final Report of the Christmas Island Expert Working Group to the Minister for Environment Protection, Heritage and the Arts. Unpublished Report, Christmas Island National Park. 245 pp.

James, D., Green, P., Humphreys, W. and Woinarski, J. C. Z. (2019). Endemic species of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Records of the Western Australian Museum 34(2): 55-114.

Laidlaw, F. F. (1935). Notes on a Collection of Terrestrial Mollusca from Christmas Island. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 10: 95-100.

MolluscaBase eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Kaliella cruda E. A. Smith, 1909. Accessed at: on 2022-03-24

Tan, Siong Kiat and Low, Martyn E. Y. (2014). Checklist of the Mollusca of Cocos (Keeling) / Christmas Island ecoregion. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement No. 30: 313-375.

Woinarski, John C. Z. (2018). A Bat's End: The Christmas Island Pipistrelle and Extinction in Australia. Clayton South, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing.


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