Fanulena perrugosa Iredale, 1945



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Panulena perrugosa Iredale, 1945 [orth. error]


Conservation Status


Last record: 1996 or before

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Norfolk Island, Australia


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Iredale, Tom. (1945). The land Mollusca of Norfolk Island. The Australian Zoologist 2(1): 46-71.


Other references:

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). (1996). 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Cowie, Robert H., Régnier, Claire, Fontaine, Benoît, and Bouchet, Philippe. (2017). Measuring the Sixth Extinction: what do mollusks tell us? The Nautilus 131(1): 3-41.

Mollusc Specialist Group. (1996a). Panulena perrugosa. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 24 July 2013.

Mollusc Specialist Group. (1996b). Panulena perrugosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1996: e.T15971A5335480. Downloaded on 23 June 2021.

Neuweger, Diana, White, Peter and Ponder, Winston F. (2001). Land snails from Norfolk Island sites. In: The Prehistoric Archaeology of Norfolk Island, Southwest Pacific, ed. Atholl Anderson and Peter White. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 27: 115-122.

Régnier, Claire, Fontaine, Benoît and Bouchet, Philippe. (2009). Not Knowing, Not Recording, Not Listing: Numerous Unnoticed Mollusk Extinctions. Conservation Biology 23(5): 1214-1221.


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