Bothriembryon whitleyi Iredale, 1939:27

Geraldton land snail



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct (Woinarski et al., 2019)

Last record: pre-1940?



"Habitat loss (urbanisation and industrial development); invasive species (weeds and introduced snails)"

(Braby, 2019:473)



"Geraldton", Western Australia, Australia


Biology & Ecology




Type locality: “Sand Dunes, Bluff Point near Geraldton” (Whisson & Kirkendale, 2017)



AM C.100729 (Whisson & Kirkendale, 2017)

AM C.127615 (Whisson & Kirkendale, 2017)

AM C.127713 (Whisson & Kirkendale, 2017)


Other specimens:

WAM 68.10 (Whisson & Ryan, 2019)

WAM 96.619 (Whisson & Ryan, 2019)






Original scientific description:

Iredale, Tom. (1939). A review of the land Mollusca of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum and Art Gallery 2(1): 1-88.


Other references:

Braby, Michael F. (2019). Are insects and other invertebrates in decline in Australia? Austral Entomology 58(3): 471-477.

Breure, A. S. H. and Whisson, Corey S. (2012). Annotated type catalogue of Bothriembryon (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Orthalicoidea) in Australian museums, with a compilation of types in other museums. ZooKeys 194: 41-80.

MolluscaBase eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Bothriembryon whitleyi Iredale, 1939. Accessed at: on 2022-03-30

Morrison, H. M. and Schneider, B. (2022). Description of two new species of Bothriembryon (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora: Bothriembryontidae) from near Kalbarri in the Mid West Region of Western Australia. Conchylia 52(3-4): 15-30.

Whisson, Corey S. (2019). Integrated conservation approach for the Australian land snail genus Bothriembryon Pilsbry, 1894: curation, taxonomy and palaeontology. Thesis, Murdoch University.

Whisson, Corey S, Kirkendale, L. and Siversson, Mikael. (2017). The presumed extinct Bothriembryon whitleyi Iredale, 1939 remains elusive. The Malacological Society of Australasia Newsletter 163: 1,5-6.

Whisson, Corey S. and Ryan, Helen E. (2019). Review of the fossil record of the Australian land snail genus Bothriembryon Pilsbry, 1894 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Bothriembryontidae): new distributional and geological data. Records of the Western Australian Museum 34(1): 38-50.

Woinarski, John C. Z., Braby, M. F., Burbidge, A. A., Coates, D., Garnett, S. T., Fensham, R. J., Legge, S. M., McKenzie, N. L., Silcock, J L. and Murphy, B. P. (2019). Reading the black book: The number, timing, distribution and causes of listed extinctions in Australia. Biological Conservation 239: 108261.


<< Back to the Orthalicoidei database