Zapornia nigra (Miller, 1784)

Miller's rail



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Rallus nigra (J.F. Miller, 1784); Porzana nigra (J.F. Miller, 1784); Nesophylax niger (Miller, 1784)


Conservation Status


Last record: 1784 or later?

IUCN RedList status: Extinct





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Miller, John Frederick. (1784). [Icones Animalium et Plantarum]. Var.Subj.Nat.Hist. pt9 pl.50.

Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012). Zapornia nigra. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. ( Downloaded on 26 July 2014.

BirdLife International. (2016). Zapornia nigra. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22728757A94995544. Accessed on 02 July 2022.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. (2014). HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International.

Fisher, Clemency T. and Warr, F. E. (2003). Museums on paper: library & manuscript resources. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 123A: 136-164.

Knox, Alan G. and Walters, Michael P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of The Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club Occasional Publications 1: 1-292.

Lysaght, Averil. (1956). A note on the Polynesian Black or Sooty Rail Porzana nigra (Miller) 1784. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 76: 97-98.

Walters, Michael P. (1988). Probable validity of Rallus nigra Miller, an extinct species from Tahiti. Notornis 35(4): 265-269.

Walters, Michael P. (1989). Comment on the proposed suppression of Rallus nigra Miller, 1784 (Aves). Bull. Biol. Nomen. 46: 50-52.


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