Porzana ziegleri Olson & James, 1991:51

Small O’ahu crake, Ziegler's crake



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status




Hawaiian Islands, USA


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Olson, Storrs L. and James, Helen F. (1991). Descriptions of thirty-two new species of birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part 1. Non-Passeriformes. Ornitholgical Monographs 45: 1-88.


Other references:

Athens JS, Tuggle HD, Ward JV, and Welch DJ (2002) Avifaunal extinctions, vegetation change, and Polynesian impacts in prehistoric Hawai’i. Archaeology in Oceania 37, 57–78.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

James, Helen F. (1987). A late Pleistocene avifauna from the island of Oahu, Hawaiian Islands. In: Mourer-Chauviré, C. (ed.). L’évolution des oiseaux d’après le témoignage des fossiles. Documents des Laboratoires de Geologie, Lyon 99: 221-230.

Livezey, Bradley C. (1998). A phylogenetic analysis of the Gruiformes (Aves) based on morphological characters, with an emphasis on the rails (Rallidae). Phil.Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 353: 2077-2151.

Olson, Storrs L. and James, Helen F. (1982). Prodromus of the fossil avifauna of the Hawaiian Islands. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 365: 1-59.

Olson, Storrs L. and James, Helen F. (1984). The role of Polynesians in the extinction of the avifauna of the Hawaiian islands, pp. 768-780. In: Martin, P. S. and Klein, R. G. (eds.). Quaternary Extinctions: A Prehistoric Revolution. Tuscon, Arizona: University of Arizona Press.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.


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