Porphyrio kukwiedei Balouet & Olson, 1989:23

Divine swamphen, New Caledonia gallinule, New Caledonian swamphen, N'dino? (see Hume & Walters, 2012:116)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Porphyrio kukuwiedei Balouet & Olson, 1989 [orth. error]


Conservation Status


Last record: 2800–2500 calBP (Anderson et. al. 2010); 1860 (unconfirmed report) (Verreaux & des Murs, 1860)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


Additional material was reported from the Pindai Caves, New Caledonia, by (Anderson et. al. 2010). It was dated to 2800–2500 radio carbon years calibrated, or 850-550 BCE.



New Caledonia


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: NCP 410


Type locality: "Pindai Cave, Nepoui Peninsula, west coast of New Caledonia;

21°20'S, 164°57'E."


Paratypes (Pindai Cave):

NCP 01 (401?)

NCP 400

NCP 402

NCP 403

NCP 404

NCP 405

NCP 407

NCP 409

NCP 421

NCP 422

NCP 423

NCP 424

NCP 425


Paratypes (Gilles cave):

NCG 01


Paratypes (Kanumera):

NCK 02

NCK 03

NCK 104

NCK 400

NCK 401

NCK 402

NCK 403

NCK 405

NCK 406

NCK 407

NCK 420






Original scientific description:

Balouet, Jean Christophe and Olson, Storrs L. (1989). Fossil Birds from Late Quaternary Deposits in New Caledonia. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 469: 1-38, 16 figures, 13 tables.


Other references:

Anderson, Atholl, Sand, Christophe, Petchey, Fiona and Worthy, Trevor H. (2010). Faunal Extinction and Human Habitation in New Caledonia: Initial Results and Implications of New Research at the Pindai Caves. Journal of Pacific Archaeology 1(1): 89-109.

BirdLife International. 2016. Porphyrio kukwiedei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22728732A94994890. Accessed on 19 June 2022.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Butchart, Stuart H. M., Stattersfield, A. J. and Brooks, T. M. (2006). Going or gone: defining ‘Possibly Extinct’ species to give a truer picture of recent extinctions. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 126A: 7-24.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Livezey, Bradley C. (1998). A phylogenetic analysis of the Gruiformes (Aves) based on morphological characters, with an emphasis on the rails (Rallidae). Phil.Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 353: 2077-2151.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Verreaux, J. and des Murs, O. (1860). Description d'oiseaux nouveaux de la Nouvelle Calédonie et indication des espéces déjà connues de ce pays. Reveu et Magasin de Zoologie 2(12): 431-443.


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