Porphyrio kukwiedei Balouet & Olson, 1989:23

New Caledonian swamphen, N'dino? (see Hume & Walters, 2012:116)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Porphyrio kukuwiedei Balouet & Olson, 1989 [orth. error]


Conservation Status


Last record: 2800–2500 calBP (Anderson et. al. 2010); 1860 (unconfirmed report) (Verreaux & des Murs, 1860)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


Additional material was reported from the Pindai Caves, New Caledonia, by (Anderson et. al. 2010). It was dated to 2800–2500 radio carbon years calibrated, or 850-550 BCE.



New Caledonia


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: NCP 410


Type locality: "Pindai Cave, Nepoui Peninsula, west coast of New Caledonia;

21°20'S, 164°57'E."


Paratypes (Pindai Cave):

NCP 01 (401?)

NCP 400

NCP 402

NCP 403

NCP 404

NCP 405

NCP 407

NCP 409

NCP 421

NCP 422

NCP 423

NCP 424

NCP 425


Paratypes (Gilles cave):

NCG 01


Paratypes (Kanumera):

NCK 02

NCK 03

NCK 104

NCK 400

NCK 401

NCK 402

NCK 403

NCK 405

NCK 406

NCK 407

NCK 420






Original scientific description:

Balouet, Jean Christophe and Olson, Storrs L. (1989). Fossil Birds from Late Quaternary Deposits in New Caledonia. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 469: 1-38, 16 figures, 13 tables.


Other references:

Anderson, Atholl, Sand, Christophe, Petchey, Fiona and Worthy, Trevor H. (2010). Faunal Extinction and Human Habitation in New Caledonia: Initial Results and Implications of New Research at the Pindai Caves. Journal of Pacific Archaeology 1(1): 89-109.

BirdLife International. 2016. Porphyrio kukwiedei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22728732A94994890. Accessed on 19 June 2022.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Butchart, Stuart H. M., Stattersfield, A. J. and Brooks, T. M. (2006). Going or gone: defining ‘Possibly Extinct’ species to give a truer picture of recent extinctions. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 126A: 7-24.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Livezey, Bradley C. (1998). A phylogenetic analysis of the Gruiformes (Aves) based on morphological characters, with an emphasis on the rails (Rallidae). Phil.Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 353: 2077-2151.

Verreaux, J. and des Murs, O. (1860). Description d'oiseaux nouveaux de la Nouvelle Calédonie et indication des espéces déjà connues de ce pays. Reveu et Magasin de Zoologie 2(12): 431-443.


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