Pareudiastes silvestris Mayr, 1933:1-2

Makira moorhen, San Cristóbal moorhen, Makira woodhen, San Cristóbal mountain rail, San Cristóbal wood hen



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Edithornis silvestris Mayr, 1933:1-2; Gallinula silvestris Mayr, 1933:1-2


Conservation Status


Last record: 4 December 1929 (holotype collected); 1953 (sighting)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered


Funding seems to have been given to attempt to rediscovery this species (Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund).



Makira (=San Cristóbal), Makira-Ulawa Province, Solomon Islands


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Mayr, Ernst. (1933). Birds collected during the Whitney South Sea Expedition. 22. Three new genera from Polynesia and Melanesia. American Museum Novitates 590: 1-2.


Other references:

BirdLife International. 2016. Pareudiastes silvestris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22692857A93372244. Downloaded on 17 December 2016.

Buckingham, D. L.; Dutson, G. C. L.; Newman, J. L. (1995). Birds of Manus, Kolombangara and Makira (San Cristobal) with notes on mammals and records from other Solomon Islands.

Butchart, Stuart H. M., Stattersfield, A. J. and Brooks, T. M. (2006). Going or gone: defining ‘Possibly Extinct’ species to give a truer picture of recent extinctions. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 126A: 7-24.

Cain, A. J. and Galbraith, I. C. J. (1956). Field notes on the birds of the eastern Solomon Islands. Ibis 98: 100-134, 262-295.

Danielsen, F., Filardi, C. E., Jønsson, K. A., Kohaia, V., Krabbe, N., Kristensen, J. B., Moyle, R. G., Pikacha, P., Poulsen, M. K., Sørensen, M. K., Tatahu, C., Waihuru, J. and Fjeldså, J. (2010), Endemic avifaunal biodiversity and tropical forest loss in Makira, a mountainous Pacific island. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 31: 100-114.

Dutson, Guy. (2011). Birds of Melanesia. London: Christopher Helm.

Dutson, G. 2016. In search of the Makira Woodhen (Kia): Report on field work, January 2016. Solomon Islands Community Conservation Partnership, Honiara, Solomon Islands.

Galbraith, I. C. J. and Galbraith, E. H. (1962). Land birds of Guadalcanal and the San Cristoval group, eastern Solomon Islands. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology 9: 1-86.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Mittermeier, John C., Dutson, Guy, James, Roger E., Davies, Tammy E., Tako, Reuben and Uy, J. ALbert C. (In Press, 2018). The avifauna of Makira (San Cristobal), Solomon Islands. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology. [Abstract]

Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund. (2015). Annual report 2015. Available from: [Accessed 14 January 2017]

Olson, Storrs L. (1973). A classification of the Rallidae. Wilson Bulletin 85(4): 381-416.

Olson, Storrs L. (1975). The South Pacific gallinules of the genus Pareudiastes. Wilson Bulletin 87(1): 1-5.

Ripley, S. D. (1984). Rails of the World: A Monograph of the Family Rallidae. Portfolio Edition – Smithsonian Institution Press.

Scott, Peter (ed.). (1965). Preliminary List of Rare Mammals and Birds, pp. 155-237. In: The Launching of a New Ark. First Report of the President and Trustees of the World Wildlife Fund. An International Foundation for saving the world's wildlife and wild places 1961-1964. London: Collins.

Taylor, B. and van Perlo, P. (1998). Rails: A Guide to the Rails, Crakes, Gallinules and Coots of the World. Pica Press, Robertsbridge.


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