Nesotrochis picapicensis Fischer & Stephan, 1971

Cuban cave rail, Picapica rail, Pica-Pica’s rail, Gallinuela de Pica-Pica



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: mid-Holocene; 1625? (Tyrberg, 2009:79)





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Fischer, K. and Stephan, B. (1971). Weitere Vogelreste aus dem Pleistozän der Pio Domingo-Höhle in Kuba. Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. Mathematik/Naturwissenschaften Reihe 20: 593-607.


Other references:

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Jiménez Vázquez O (1997) La biáya o bambiáya de los indocubanos. El Pitirre 10, 96–97.

Jiménez Vázquez O (2001) Registros ornitológicos en residuarios de dieta de los aborigenes precerámicos Cubanos. El Pitirre 14, 120–126.

Livezey, Bradley C. (1998). A phylogenetic analysis of the Gruiformes (Aves) based on morphological characters, with an emphasis on the rails (Rallidae). Phil.Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 353: 2077-2151.

Olson SL (1974) A new species of Nesotrochis from Hispaniola, with notes on other fossil rails from the West Indies (Aves: Rallidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 87, 439–450.

Olson, Storrs L. (1977). A synopsis on the fossil Rallidae, pp. 509-525. In: Ripley, S. D. Rails of the World: A Monograph of the Family Rallidae. Boston: Codline.

Orihuela, Johanset. (2019). An annotated list of late Quaternary extinct birds of Cuba. Ornitología Neotropical 30: 57-67.

Suárez, William. (2022). Catalogue of Cuban fossil and subfossil birds. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 142(1): 10-74.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.


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