Mundia elpenor Olson, 1973

Ascension flightless crake, Ascension rail, Ascension Island crake, Ascension crake



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Atlantisea elpenor Olson, 1973; Atlantisia elpenor Olson, 1973; Crecopsis sp. Fisher & Peterson, 1964:241, 273


Conservation Status


Last record: 1656 (Mundy in Temple & Anstey, 1936)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Ascension Island, St. Helena


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Olson, Storrs L. (1973). Evolution of the rails of the South Atlantic Islands (Aves: Rallidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 152: 1-53.


Other references:

Ashmole, N. P. (1963a). Subfossil bird remains on Ascension Island. Ibis 103b(3): 382-389.

Ashmole, N. P. (1963b). The extinct avifauna of St Helena Island. Ibis 103b(3): 390-408.

BirdLife International. (2012). Mundia elpenor. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 21 May 2013.

BirdLife International. 2016. Mundia elpenor. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22728746A94995240. Accessed on 30 June 2022.

Bourne, W. R. P., Ashmore, N. P. and Simmons, K. E. L. (2003). A new subfossil night heron and a new genus for the extinct rail from Ascension Island, central tropical Atlantic Ocean. Ardea 91: 45-51.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Fisher, J. and Peterson, R. T. (1964). The World of Birds. Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Company.

Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Livezey, Bradley C. (1998). A phylogenetic analysis of the Gruiformes (Aves) based on morphological characters, with an emphasis on the rails (Rallidae). Phil.Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 353: 2077-2151.

Olson, Storrs L. (1973). Evolution of the rails of the south Atlantic Islands (Aves: Rallidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 152: 1-53.

Temple, R. C. and Anstey, L. M. (eds.). (1936). The travels of Peter Mundy in Europe and Asia 1608-1667. Hakluyt Society SII 78(5): 1-226.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.


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