Hypotaenidia sylvestris (Sclater, 1870 "1869")

Lord Howe woodhen, Lord Howe Island woodhen, Lord Howe (Island) rail



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonyms: Cholimnas conditicius Peters & Griscom, 1928; Tricholimnas conditicius Peters & Griscom, 1928; Gallirallus conditicius Peters & Griscom, 1928


Conservation Status

Formerly extinct in the wild

IUCN RedList status: Endangered



Lord Howe Island, New South Wales, Australia


Anatomy & Morphology



Biology & Ecology










BirdLife International. (2016). Hypotaenidia sylvestris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22692395A93352096. Accessed on 24 November 2022.

Brook, B. W.; Lim, L.; Harden, R.; Frankham, R. 1997. How secure is the Lord Howe Island Woodhen? A population vaibility analysis using VORTEX. Pacific Conservation Biology: 125-133.

Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.

Collar, N.J. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2013. Conservation breeding and avian diversity: chances and challenges. International Zoo Yearbook 48(1): 7-28.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Garnett, S. T.; Crowley, G. M. 2000. The action plan for Australian birds 2000. Environment Australia, Canberra.

Garnett, S. T.; Szabo, J. K.; Dutson, G. 2011. The Action Plan for Australian Birds 2010. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood.

Greenway, J. C. (1952). Tricholimnas conditicus is probably a synonym of Tricholimnas sylvestris. Breviora 5: 1-4.

Lord Howe Island Board. 2009. Draft Lord Howe Island Rodent Eradication Plan. Lord Howe Island Board, Lord Howe Island.

Marchant, S.; Higgins, P. J. 1993. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds, 2: raptors to lapwings. Oxford University Press, Melbourne.

McAllan, Ian A. W., Curtis, Brian R., Hutton, Ian and Cooper, Richard M. (2004). The Birds of Lord Howe Island Group: A Review of Records. Australian Field Ornithology 21(Supplement): 1-82.

NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. 2002. Approved recovery plan for the Lord Howe Woodhen. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Hurstville, NSW.

Olson, Storrs L. (1992). Requiescat for Tricholimnas conditicius, a rail that never was. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 112(3): 174-179.

Peters, J. L. and Griscom, L. (1928). A new rail and a new dove from Micronesia. Proc. New England Zool. Club 10: 99-106.

Portelli, Dean and Carlile, Nicholas. (2020). Preventing the Extinction of the Lord Howe Woodhen (Hypotaenidia sylvestris) through Predator Eradication and Population Augmentation. Ornithological Science 18(2): 169-175.

Taylor, B.; van Perlo, B. (1998). Rails: a guide to the rails, crakes, gallinules and coots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Walters, Michael. (1987). The provenance of the Gilbert Rail Tricholimnas conditicius (Peters & Griscom). Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 107(4): 181-184.


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