Hypotaenidia poeciloptera Hartlaub, 1866:171

Bar-winged rail, Fiji barred-wing rail, Mbidi, Sasa (cryptid, fide Mayr, 1945)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Rallina poeciloptera Hartlaub, 1866:171; Nesoclopeus poecilopterus Hartlaub, 1866:171; Nesoclopeus poeciloptera Hartlaub, 1866:171; Nesoclopeus poecilopterus poecilopterus (Hartlaub, 1866:171); Nesoclopeus poicilopterus Hartlaub, 1866:171


Conservation Status


Last record: 1875 or before (Day, 1981:87); 1890 (Reichenow, 1891); 31 August 1970 (Blackburn, 1971:155); 1973 (Holyoak, 1979, unconfirmed)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


There are more recent unconfirmed reports of this species (Blackburn, 1971; Holyoak, 1979; Day, 1981:87).



Fiji (Ovalau, Taveuni and Viti Levu)


Biology & Ecology




[url=]RMNH 110.047[/url] (male)

[url=]RMNH 110.064[/url] (male)

[url=]RMNH 110.065[/url] (female)






Original scientific description:

Hartlaub, G. (1866). On five new species of birds from the Feejee Islands. Ibis 6: 171-173.


Other references:

Best, S. (1984). Lakeba: The prehistory of a Fijian island. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Auckland, Auckland.

BirdLife International. (2012). Hypotaenidia poeciloptera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. ( Downloaded on 25 November 2014.

BirdLife International. (2016). Hypotaenidia poeciloptera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22728740A94995068. Accessed on 30 June 2022.

Blackburn, A. (1971). Some notes on Fijian birds. Notornis 18(3): 147-174.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Collar, N. J.; Crosby, M. J.; Stattersfield, A. J. 1994. Birds to watch 2: the world list of threatened birds. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. (2014). HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International.

Dickinson E.C., ed., 2003: The Howard and Moore Complete checklist of the birds of the world. 3rd rev. ed. – London: Christopher Helm, 1039 pp.

Finsch, O. and Hartlaub, G. (1867). Beitrag zur Fauna Centralpolynesiens. Ornithologie der Viti-, Samoa- und Tonga-Inseln. Halle: H. W. Schmidt, xl + 290 pp.

Greenway, J. C. (1967). Extinct and Vanishing Birds of the World. Dover Publications, New York.

Holyoak, D. T. (1979). Notes on the birds of Viti Levu and Taveuni, Fiji. Emu 79: 7-18. [Abstract]

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Kirchman J.J., 2012: Speciation of flightless birds on islands: a DNA-based phylogeny of the typical rails of the Pacific. Auk 129: 56-69.

Knox, Alan G. and Walters, Michael P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of The Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club Occasional Publications 1: 1-292.

Layard, E. L. (1875). Notes on Fiji Birds. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London [1875]: 423-442.

Mayr, Ernst. (1945). Birds of the South-west Pacific: a field guide to the birds of the area between Samoa, New Caledonia and Micronesia. New York: The Macmillan Company.

Mlíkovský, Jiří. (2012). Extinct and nearly extinct birds in the collections of the National Museum, Prague, Czech Republic. Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series 181(9): 95-123. [automatic download]

Olson S.L., 1973: A classification of the Rallidae. – Wilson Bulletin 85: 380-416.

Peters, J. L. (1932). A new genus for Rallus poeciloptera. The Auk 49(3): 347-348.

Pons, J. B. (2012). Fiji Bar-winged Rail (Nesoclopeus poecilopterus). –

Reichenow, A. (1891). Uvber eine Vogelsammlung von den Fidschi-Inseln. Journal für Ornithologie 39: 126-130.

Sayol, Ferran, Steinbauer, Manuel J., Blackburn, Tim M., Antonelli, Alexandre and Faurby, Søren. (2020). Anthropogenic extinctions conceal widespread evolution of flightlessness in birds. Science Advances 6(49): eabb6095. [Supplementary Material (Data File S1)]

Steadman DW (2006) Extinction and Biogeography of Tropical Pacific Birds. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Taylor B., 1998: Rails. – Mountfield, Sussex: Pica Press, 600 pp.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Watling, D. (1982). Birds of Fiji, Tonga and Samoa. Wellington, New Zealand: Millwood Press.

Worthy, T.H. (2004) Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 34, 295–314.

Worthy, Trevor H. and Anderson, Atholl. (2009). Results of palaeofaunal research, pp. 41-62. In: Clark, Geoffrey Richard and Anderson, Atoll (eds.). The Early Prehistory of Fiji. Terra Australis 31. Canberra: ANU E Press. 437 pp.

Worthy, Trevor H. and Clark, Geoffrey. (2009). Bird, mammal and reptile remains, pp. 231-258. In: Clark, Geoffrey and Anderson, Atholl (eds.). The Early Prehistory of Fiji. Canberra: ANU Press.


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