Hypotaenidia owstoni Rothschild, 1895:481

Guam rail



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Rallus owstoni Rothschild, 1895; Gallirallus owstoni (Rothschild, 1895)


Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild

Last record: 1987

IUCN RedList status: Extinct in the Wild





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Rothschild, Walter. (1895). A new species of rail. Novitates zoologicae : a journal of zoology in connection with the Tring Museum 2: 481.

Other references:

BirdLife International. (2016). Hypotaenidia owstoni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22692441A93353974. Downloaded on 14 November 2017.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Haig, S. M.; Ballou, J. D.; Derrickson, S. R. 1993. Genetic considerations for the Guam Rail. Re-introduction News: 11-12.

Jaffe, M. 1994. And no birds sing. Simon and Schuster, New York.

Pratt, H. D.; Bruner, P. L.; Berrett, D. G. 1987. A field guide to the birds of Hawaii and the tropical Pacific. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Pregill, Gregory K. and Steadman, David W. (2009). The prehistory and biogeography of terrestrial vertebrates on Guam, Mariana Islands. Diversity and Distributions 15(6): 983-996.

Ross, M., Medina, S. and Bryan, C. G. 2011. Population analysis and breeding and transfer plan: Guam rail (Gallirallus owstoni). Population Management Center, Lincoln Park Zoo, Ilinois.

Savidge, J. A. 1987. Extinction of an island forest avifauna by an introduced snake. Ecology 68: 660-668.

Taylor, B.; van Perlo, B. 1998. Rails: a guide to the rails, crakes, gallinules and coots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Taylor, P. B. 1996. Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules and Coots). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 108-209. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Trewick, S. A. (1997). Flightlessness and phylogeny amongst endemic rails (Aves: Rallidae) of the New Zealand region. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London [Biol.] 352: 429-446.

Witteman, G. J.; Beck, R. E.; Pimm, S. L.; Derrickson, S. R. 1990. The decline and restoration of the Guam Rail, Rallus owstoni. Endangered Species Update 7: 36-39.


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