Habroptila wallacii Gray, 1860:365

Drummer rail, Wallace's rail, Invisible rail



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Rediscovered in 1930

IUCN RedList status: Vulnerable



Halmahera, North Maluku, Indonesia


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Gray, George Robert. (1860). List of birds collected by Mr. Wallace at the Molucca Islands, with descriptions of new species, etc. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1860: 341-368.

Other references:

Bashari, Hanom and Balen, Bas Van. (2011). First breeding record of the Drummer Rail Habroptila wallacii. BirdingASIA 15: 20-22.

BirdLife International. (2001). Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

BirdLife International. (2012). Habroptila wallacii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. ( Downloaded on 04 July 2015.

BirdLife International. (2015). Species factsheet: Habroptila wallacii. Downloaded from on 05/07/2015.

Coates, B. J. and Bishop, K. D. (1997). A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Alderley, Australia: Dove Publications.

Collar, Nigel J. (2009). Pioneer of Asian ornithology: Gerd Heinrich. BirdingASIA 11: 33-40.

de Haan, G. A. L. (1950). Notes on the Invisible Flightless Rail of Halmahera (Habroptila wallacii Gray). Amsterdam Naturalist 1: 57-60.

Heinrich, G. (1956) Biologische Aufzeichnungen über Vögel von Halmahera und Batjan. J. Orn. 97: 31-40.

Ripley, S. D. and Beehler, B. M. (1985). Rails of the world, a compilation of new information, 1975-1983 (Aves, Rallidae). Smithsonian Contrib. Zool. 417.

Taylor, P. B. (1996). Family Rallidae (Rails, gallinules and coots), pp.108-209. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds.). Handbook of the birds of the world, 3. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions.

White, C. M. N. and Bruce, M. D. (1986). The birds of Wallacea. London: British Ornithologists’ Union.


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