Grus antigone luzonica Hachisuka, 1941

Luzon sarus crane



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Antigone antigone luzonica Hachisuka, 1941


Conservation Status

Missing or invalid

Last record: 1970's


A population of the Sarus crane formerly occurred on Luzon in the Philippines. The last reports of this species were from the 1970's, with specific expeditions to find this species in the late 1970's, and 1980's (Madsen, 1981; Dickinson et. al. 1991). The population is almost certainly now extinct, but its exact taxonomic position is debated. It is sometimes regarded as a population of G. a. sharpei (Johnsgard, 1983; Dickinson, 2003). However given its isolation of some 700 miles (1126.5 km) from any other Grus antigone population gene flow would be minimal; thus its status depends upon how long it has occurred on Luzon, as it is likely to manifest only cryptic diversity as the species seems to inherently be very adaptable.



Luzon, Philippines












Original scientific description:

Hachisuka, M. (1941). Further contributions to the ornithology of the Philippine Islands. Tori 11:61-89.


Other references:

Dickinson, E. C. (ed.). (2003) The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. London: Christopher Helm.

Dickinson, E. C., Kennedy, R. S., and Parkes, K. C.  (1991).  The Birds of the Philippines:  An Annotated Checklist.  British Ornithologists’ Union, Tring, Hertfordshire, U. K.

Johnsgard, Paul. (1983). Cranes of the World. Indiana, USA: Indiana University Press.

Madsen, K. K. (1981). Search for the eastern sarus crane on Luzon, Philippines, pp. 216-218. In: Lewis, J. C. and Masatomi, H. (editors). Crane Research Around the World. International Crane Foundation, Baraboo, Wisconsin.

Nevard TD, Haase M, Archibald G, Leiper I, Van Zalinge RN, Purchkoon N, et al. (2020). Subspecies in the Sarus Crane Antigone antigone revisited; with particular reference to the Australian population. PLoS ONE 15(4): e0230150.


<< Back to the Gruiformes database