Fulica chathamensis Forbes, 1892

Chatham Islands coot



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Fulica chathamensis chathamensis Forbes, 1892; Palaeolimnas chathamensis Forbes, 1892; Nesophalaris chathamensis Forbes, 1892; Fulica chathamensis chathamensis Forbes, 1892


Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene



Chatham Islands, New Zealand


Biology & Ecology







Above: Chatham Island Coot. Fulica chathamensis. From the series: Extinct Birds of New Zealand., 2004, Masterton, by Paul Martinson. Purchased 2006. © Te Papa. CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Te Papa (2006-0010-1/49)



Original scientific description:

Forbes, H. O. (1892). Aphanapteryx and other remains in the Chatham Islands. Nature 46: 252-253.


Other references:

Andrews, C. W. (1896). On the extinct birds of the Chatham Islands. Part II. The Osteology of Palaeolimnas chathamensis and Nesolimnas (gen. nov.) dieffenbachii. Nov. Zool. 3: 260-271.

Brodkorb, Pierce and Dawson, Elliot W. (1962). Nomenclature of Quaternary Coots from Oceanic Islands. The Auk 79(2): 267-269.

Hamilton, A. (1893). On the fissures and caves at Castle Rocks, Southland; with a description of the existing and extinct birds found in them. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 25: 88-106.

Holdaway, Richard N., Worthy, Trevor H. and Tennyson, Alan J. D. (2001). A working list of breeding bird species of the New Zealand region at first human contact. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 28: 119-187.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Livezey, Bradley C. (1998). A phylogenetic analysis of the Gruiformes (Aves) based on morphological characters, with an emphasis on the rails (Rallidae). Phil.Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 353: 2077-2151.

Millener, P. R. (1980). The taxonomic status of extinct New Zealand Coots Fulica chathamensis subspp. (Aves: Rallidae). Notornis 27(4): 363-376.

Millener, P. R. (1981). The subfossil distribution of the extinct New Zealand Coots Fulica chathamensis subspp. (Aves: Rallidae). Notornis 28(1): 1-9.

Milne-Edwards, A. (1896). Sur les resemblances qui existent entre la faune des les Mascareignes et celle de certaines iles de l'Océan Pacifique Austral. Annales des Sciences Naturelles – Zoologie et Paléontologie S8(2): 117-136.

Olson, Storrs L. (1975). A review of the extinct rails of the New Zealand region (Aves: Rallidae). Records of the National Museum of New Zealand 1(3): 63-79.

Olson, Storrs L. (1977). A synopsis on the fossil Rallidae. In: Ripley, S. D. Rails of the World: A Monograph of the Family Rallidae. Boston: Codine.

Robertson, H. A., Baird, K. A., Elliott, G. P., Hitchmough, R. A., McArthur, N. J., Makan, T. D., Miskelly, Colin M., O’Donnell, C. F. J., Sagar, P. M., Scofield, R. P., Taylor, G. A. and Michel, P. (2021). Conservation status of birds in Aotearoa New Zealand, 2021. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 36. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 43 pp.

Hugh Robertson, John Dowding, Graeme Elliott, Rod Hitchmough, Colin Miskelly, Colin O’Donnell, Ralph Powlesland, Paul Sagar, Paul Scofield, Graeme Taylor. (2013). Conservation status of New Zealand birds, 2012. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 4. 22 pp.

Smith, Ian. (1999). Settlement Permanence and Function at Pleasant River Mouth, East Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Archaeology 19: 27-79.

Trotter, M. M. (1965). Avian remains from North Otago archaeological sites. Notornis 12(3): 176-178. ["Palaeolimnas chathamensis", but being from the South Island is more likely referable to [i]Fulica prisca[/i]]

Williams, G. R. (1962). Extinction and the land and freshwater-inhabiting birds of New Zealand. Notornis 10(1): 15-32.

Worthy, Trevor H. and Holdaway, Richard N. (2002). The Lost World of the Moa. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Wragg, Graham M. (1981). The birds of Canterbury: history and present status. A dissertation presented as a requirement for the Diploma in Parks and Recreation (National Parks option). Lincoln College, New Zealand.


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