Cyanolimnas cerverai Barbour & Peters, 1927

Zapata rail



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1970's

Rediscovered in 2014?

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered



Zapata Swamp, Cuba


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Barbour, Thomas and Peters, James Lee. (1927). Two more remarkable new birds from Cuba. Proceedings of the New England Zoological Club 9: 95-97.

Other references:

Anonymous. (1964). List of rare birds, including those thought to be so but of which detailed information is still lacking. IUCN Bulletin 10(Special Supplement): 4 pp.

BirdLife International. (2013). Cyanolimnas cerverai. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. ( Downloaded on 04 March 2015.

BirdLife International. (2015). Species factsheet: Cyanolimnas cerverai. Downloaded from on 04/03/2015.

Bond, James. (1979). Birds of the West Indies. London: Collins.

Bond, James. (1984). Twenty-fifth supplement to the check-list of birds of the West Indies (1956). Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia.

Brown, A. F., Lawrie, Y., Shannon, T. J., Collinson, J. M., Kirwan, G. M., Kirkconnell, A., et al. (2022). First genetic data for the critically endangered Cuban endemic Zapata Rail Cyanolimnas cerverai, and the taxonomic implications. J. Ornithol. 163, 945–952. doi: 10.1007/s10336-022-02004-0

Collar, N. J.; Gonzaga, L. P.; Krabbe, N.; Madroño Nieto, A.; Naranjo, L. G.; Parker, T. A.; Wege, D. C. (1992). Threatened birds of the Americas: the ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book. International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge, U.K.

Garrido, O. H. (1985). Cuban endangered birds. In: Buckley, P.A.; Foster, M.S.; Morton, E.S.; Ridgely, R.S.; Buckley, F.G. (ed.), Neotropical ornithology, pp. 992-999. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

King, W. B. (1981). Endangered birds of the world: the ICBP bird Red Data Book. Smithsonian Institution Press and International Council for Bird Preservation [bound reissue of King 1978-1979], Washington, D.C.

Kirkconnell, A.; González, O.; Alfaro, E.; Cotayo, L. 1999. Nuevas localidades para la Gallinuela de Santo Tomás Cyanolimnas cerverai y la Ferminia Ferminia cerverai, en la Ciénaga de Zapata, Cuba. Cotinga 12: 57-60.

Mittermeier, John C. et al. (2022). Fantastic lost birds and how you can help find them: an updated gap analysis for the Neotropical avifauna. Neotropical Birding 31: 25-32.

Olson, S. L. 1974. A new species of Nesotrochis from Hispaniola, with notes on other fossil rails from the West Indies (Aves: Rallidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 87: 437-450.

Raffaele, H.; Wiley, J.; Garrido, O.; Keith, A.; Raffaele, J. 1998. Birds of the West Indies. Christopher Helm, London.

Regalado Ruíz, P. 1981. El género Torreornis (Aves: Fringillidae), descripción de una nueva subespecie en Cayo Coco, Cuba. Centro Agrícola: 87-112.

Sulley, S. C.; Sulley, M. E. 1992. Birding in Cuba. Worldwide Publications, Derbyshire, UK.

Vargas, Pablo. (2023). Exploring ‘endangered living fossils’ (ELFs) among monotypic genera of plants and animals of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 11: 1100503.


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