Aphanapteryx bonasia Sélys Longchamps, 1848:294

Mauritian red rail, Mauritius red hen, Red hen



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Aphanapteryx bonasis Selys Longchamps, 1848 [orthological error]; Apterornis bonasia Selys Longchamps, 1848; Aphanapteryx imperialis Frauenfeld, 1868:6; Kuina mundyi Hachisuka, 1937; Didus broeckii Schlegel, 1854:256; Pezophaps broeckii Schlegel, 1854:256


Conservation Status


Last record: 1693 (Leguat, 1708)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Sélys Longchamps, E. (1848). Résumé concer. nant les Oiseaux brévipennes mentionnés dans l’ouvrage de M. Strickland sur le Dodo. Revue Zoologique, October 1848: 292-295.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012). Aphanapteryx bonasia. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 17 March 2013.

BirdLife International. (2016). Aphanapteryx bonasia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22728884A94999673. Accessed on 02 July 2022.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Cauche, F. (1651). Relation du Voyage de F. Cauche, in Relations veritables et curieuses de I'Isle de Madagascar. London.

Cheke, A.S. 1987. An ecological history of the Mascarene Islands, with particular reference to extinctions and introductions of land vertebrates. In: Diamond, A.W. (ed.), Studies of Mascarene island birds, pp. 5-89. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

Cheke, Anthony S. (2006). Establishing extinction dates - the curious case of the Dodo Raphus cucullatus and the Red Hen Aphanapteryx bonasis. Ibis 148: 155-158.

Cheke, Anthony S. (2013). Extinct birds of the Mascarenes and Seychelles - a review of the causes of extinction in the light of an important new publication on extinct birds. Phelsuma 21: 4-19.

Cheke, Anthony S. and Beentje, Henk. (2016). Citizen animals, dodo mayors – the curious account of a visit to Mauritius in 1632. Phelsuma 24: 1-5.

Cheke, Anthony S. and Hume, Julian Pender. (2008). Lost Land of the Dodo: An Ecological History of Mauritius, Réunion & Rodrigues. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. 464 pp.

Cheke, Anthony S. and Parish, Jolyon. (2020). The Dodo and the Red Hen, A Saga of Extinction, Misunderstanding, and Name Transfer: A Review. Quaternary 3(1): 4.

Cowles, G. S. 1987. The fossil record. In: Diamond, A.W. (ed.), Studies of Mascarene Island birds, pp. 90-100. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Frauenfeld, G. v. (1868). Neu aufgefundene Abbildung des Dronte und eines zweiten kurzflügeligen Vogels. Vienna: C. Ueberreuter'sche Buchdrückerei.

Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.

Hachisuka, M. (1937). Kuina mundyi. Bull. Brit. Orn. Club 57: 156.

Hachisuka, M. (1953). The Dodo and kindred birds. London: Witherby.

Herbert, Thomas. (1634). A relation of some yeares' travaile, begunne Anno 1626, into Afrique and the greater Asia, especially the territories of the Persian Monarchie, and some parts of the Oriental Indies and Isles adiacent. London: W. Stansby & J. Bloome.

Hoffman, J. C. (1680). Oost-Indianische Voyage. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff (1931 reprint).

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Hume, Julian Pender. (2003). The journal of the flagship Gelderland: Dodo and other bird artists on Mauritius, 1601. Archives of Natural History 30: 13-27.

Hume, Julian Pender. (2013). A synopsis of the pre-human avifauna of the Mascarene Islands, pp. 195-237. In: Göhlich, U.B. & Kroh, A. (eds.). Proceedings of the 8th International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution. Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien.

Hume, Julian Pender. (2019). Systematics, morphology and ecology of rails (Aves: Rallidae) of the Mascarene Islands, with one new species. Zootaxa 4626(1): 1-107. [Abstract]

Hume, Julian Pender, Martill, D. M. and Dewdney, C. (2004). Dutch diaries and the demise of the Dodo. Nature doi:10.1038/Nature02688.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Hume, Julian Pender and Winters, Ria. (2015). Captive birds on Dutch Mauritius: bad-tempered parrots, warty pigeons and notes on other native animals. Historical Biology. DOI:10.1080/08912963.2015.1036750

Khan, S. A. (ed.). (1927). John Marshall in India. Notes and observations in Bengal. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Leguat, F. (1708). Voyage et aventures de Francois Leguat et des ses compagnons en deux isles desertes des Indes Orientales. 180 pp. London (David Mortier, Marchand Làbraire).

Livezey, Bradley C. (1998). A phylogenetic analysis of the Gruiformes (Aves) based on morphological characters, with an emphasis on the rails (Rallidae). Phil.Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 353: 2077-2151.

Milne-Edwards, A. (1868). Observations sur les affinities zoologiques de l’Aphanapteryx espèce qui vivait encore a l’Ile Maurice au XVlle Siècle. Annales des Sciences Naturelles – Zoologie et Paléontologie 5(8): 190-220. [p. 325-348?]

Milne-Edwards, A. (1869a). Nouvelles observations sur le faune ancienne des iles Mascareignes. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences (Paris) 68: 856-859.

Milne-Edwards, A. (1869b). Researches into the zoological affinities of the bird recently described by Herr von Frauenfeld under the name of Aphanapteryx imperialis. Ibis S2(5): 256-275.

Newton, Alfred and Gadow, Hans Friedrich (1893). On additional bones of the Dodo and other extinct birds of Mauritius obtained by Mr. Théodore Sauzier. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 13: 281-302.

Olson, Storrs L. (1977). A synopsis of the fossil Rallidae, pp. 339-373. In: Ripley, S. D. Rails of the World: A Monograph of the Family Rallidae. Boston: David R. Godine.

Rothschild, Lionel Walter. (1907). Extinct birds: an attempt to write in one volume a short account of those birds which have become extinct in historical times, that is within the last six or seven hundred years: to which are added a few which still exist, but are on the verge of extinction. London: Hutchinson & Co. XXIX + 243 pp. [p. 131, pl. 29]

Sclater, William L. (1915). The "Mauritius Hen" of Peter Mundy. Ibis 10(3): 316-319.

Servaas, A. J. (1887). Hongersnood in Suratta a° 1631, enz. Waarheid of leugen mag men wel vragen aangaande 'tgeen volgt. De Navorscher 37(1): 4-8.

Strickland, H. E. and Melville, A. G. (1848). The dod and its kindred. London: Reeve, Benham & Reeve.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Vargas, Pablo. (2023). Exploring ‘endangered living fossils’ (ELFs) among monotypic genera of plants and animals of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 11: 1100503.


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