Sylviornis neocaledoniae Poplin, 1980:691

New Caledonian giant scrubfowl (erroneous), New Caledonian giant megapode (erroneous)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene



Île des Pins (=Isle of Pines) and New Caledonia


Biology & Ecology




Anderson et. al. (2010) reported subfossil remains from Pindai Cave, New Caledonia.






Original scientific description:

Poplin, François. (1980). Sylviornis neocaledoniae n. g., n. sp. (Aves), ratite éteint de la Nouvelle-Calédonie Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Paris sér. D, 290: 691-694.


Other references:

Anderson, Atholl, Sand, Christophe, Petchey, Fiona and Worthy, Trevor H. (2010). Faunal Extinction and Human Habitation in New Caledonia: Initial Results and Implications of New Research at the Pindai Caves. Journal of Pacific Archaeology 1(1): 89-109.

Angst, Delphine and Buffetaut, Eric. (Due October 2017). Palaeobiology of Extinct Giant Flightless Birds. ISTE Press.

Balouet, Jean Christophe and Olson, Storrs L. (1989). Fossil Birds from Late Quaternary Deposits in New Caledonia. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 469: 1-38, 16 figures, 13 tables.

Green, R. C. and Mitchell, J. S. (1983). New Caledonian cultural history: a review of the archaeological sequence. New Zealand Journal of Archaeology 5: 19-67.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Cécile Mourer-Chauvire and Balouet, Jean Christophe. (2005). Description of the skull of the genus Sylviornis Poplin, 1980 (Aves, Galliformes, Sylviornithidae new family), a giant extinct bird from the Holocene of New Caledonia. In: Alcover, J. A. and Bover, P. (eds.). Proceedings of the International Symposium “Insular Vertebrate Evolution: the Palaeontological Approach”. Monografies de la Societat d’Història Natural de les Balears 12: 205-118.

Poplin, François and Mourer-Chauviré, Cécile. (1985). Sylviornis neocaledoniae (Aves: Galliformes, Megapoiidae), oiseaux géant éteint de l'Ile des Pins. Géobios 18: 73-97.

Poplin, François, Mourer-Chauviré, Cécile and Evin, Jacques. (1983). Position systématique et datation de Sylviornis neocaledoniae, mégapode géant (Aves, Galliformes, Megapodiidae) étient de la Nouvelle-Calédonie Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences sér. II, 297: 301-304.

Steadman, David W. (1999). The biogeography and extinction of megapodes in Oceania. Proceedings Third International Megapode Symposium. Zool. Verh. Leiden 327: 7-21.

Steadman, David W. (2006). Extinction and Biogeography of Tropical Pacific Birds. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Worthy, Trevor H., Mitri, M., Handley, W. D., Lee, M. S. Y., Anderson, A. and Sand, C. (2016). Osteology Supports a Stem-Galliform Affinity for the Giant Extinct Flightless Bird [i]Sylviornis neocaledoniae[/i] (Sylviornithidae, Galloanseres). PLoS ONE 11(3): e0150871.


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