Ophrysia superciliosa Gray, 1846:8

Himalayan quail, Mountain quail, Himalayan mountain quail, Indian mountain quail, Eyebrowed quail, Eyebrowed rollulus (superseded), Slate-coloured partridge, Mountain pheasant-quail

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Rollulus superciliosus Gray, 1846:8 (original combination); Ortiga superciliosa Gray, 1846:8; Malacoturnix superciliosa Gray, 1846:8; Malacortyx superciliosa Gray, 1846:8

 

Edward Blyth (1867a, b) transferred the species to the genera Malacoturnix and Malacortyx respectively.

 

Conservation Status

Extinct

Last record: December 1876

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered

 

Distribution

Himalayas, northern India (& southern Nepal?)

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

"Only ten skins of Himalayan Quails are preserved in museums, five of which are found in the Natural History Museum at Tring. There are also specimens in Liverpool and New York. No collector, date or locality is indicated on the label of the male in Naturalis."

 

Source: http://nlbif.eti.uva.nl/naturalis/detail.php?lang=uk&id=44

 

[url=http://nlbif.eti.uva.nl/naturalis/detail.php?lang=uk&id=44]RMNH 110.049[/url] (male)

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Gray, J. E. (1846). Gleanings from the Menagerie and Aviary at Knowsley Hall. Vol. 1 (1846) [page 8, Plate 16 by J. W. Moore on Mountain Quail].

 

Other references:

Ali, Salim. (1977). Another crack at the Mountain Quail. Newsletters for Birdwatchers 17(5): 1-2.

Ali, Salim and Ripley, S. D. (1987). Compact handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan. Bombay: Oxford University Press.

Anon. (1986). Quail. In: Encyclopaedia of Indian Natural History. (Ed: Hawkins,RE) Bombay Natural History Society and Oxford University Press, Delhi, 462.

Anon. (1990). Status and ecology of the Lesser and Bengal Floricans with reports on Jerdon's Courser and Mountain Quail. Final Report. P. 1-11. 

Baral, H. S.; Basnet, S.; Chaudhary, H.; Chaudhary, B.; Timsina, A.; Bidari, K. (In prep). Search for a lost species Himalayan Quail Ophrysia superciliosa in the midhills of the far west Nepal.

Benstead, P. (2002). Conservation Fund: Survey and status of Himalayan Quail in India. Oriental Bird Club Bulletin 35: 9-10. 

BirdLife International. (2012). Ophrysia superciliosa. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. (http://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 08 July 2012.

Blanford, W. T. (1898). Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Birds, volume 4. London: Taylor & Francis.

Blyth, E. (1867a). Remarks on an Indian Quail (Rollulus superciliosus). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867: 474-475.

Blyth, E. (1867b). The Ornithology of Ceylon - A Supplement to Dr. Jerdon's 'Birds of India'. Ibis 2nd Series, 3: 294-314.

Boakes, E. H., McGowan, P. J. K., Fuller , R. A., Ding, C., Clark, N. E., O’Connor, K. and Mace, G. M. (2010). Distorted views of biodiversity: Spatial and temporal bias in species occurrence data. PLoS Biology 8(6): e1000385.

Butchart, S. H. M.; Collar, N. J.; Crosby, M. J. & Tobias, J. A. (2005). Asian enigmas: "Lost" and poorly known birds: targets for birders in Asia. Birding Asia 3: 41-49.

Collar, N. J. et al. (2001). Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book, 3rd edition. Part 3.Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.

Collar, Nigel J. and Sykes, Brian R. (2009). Lost, found and saved—OBC conservation: the next 25 years. BirdingASIA 11: 41-46.

Collen, Ben, Purvis, Andy and Mace, Georgina M. (2010). When is a species really extinct? Testing extinction inference from a sighting record to inform conservation assessment. Diversity and Distributions 16(5): 755-764. [Abstract]

Comber, E. (1905). A rare Indian game-bird, the Mountain Quail (Ophrysia superciliosa, Gray). Journal of Bombay Natural History Society 16: 361-362.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Dunn, Jonathon C. et al. (2015). Mapping the potential distribution of the Critically Endangered Himalayan Quail Ophrysia superciliosa using proxy species and species distribution modelling. Bird Conservation International. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S095927091400046X

Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.

Fuller, R.A., Carroll, J.P., and McGowan, P.J.K. (eds.). (2000). Partridges, Quails, Francolins, Snowcocks, Guineafowl, and Turkeys. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan 2000–2004. WPA/BirdLife/SSC Partridge, Quail, and Francolin Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK, and the World Pheasant Association, Reading, UK. vii + 63 pp.

Greenway, J. C. (1958). Extinct and Vanishing Birds of the World. Amer. Comm. International Wildlife Protection Special Publ. No 13.

Hilaluddin; Kaul, R. (2002). Search for Himalayan Quail. Mor., p. 10-11.

Hume, A. O. and Marshall, C. H. T. (1879–1881). The game birds of India, Burmah and Ceylon. 3 vols. Published by the authors, Calcutta.

Jathar, Girish A. and Rahmani, Asad R. (2006). Endemic birds of India. Buceros 11(2/3): 1-53.

Kalsi, R. (2004). Survey and status of Himalayan Quail (Ophrysia superciliosa) in India: interim report.

Kaul, R. (1992). Indian Mountain Quail. Can we learn from Cheer Pheasant studies. World Pheasant Association Journal News  38: 18-19.

Keane, A.M.; Carroll, J. P.; Fuller, R. A.; McGowan, P.J. K. in press. Partridges, quails, francolins, snowcocks, guineafowl and turkeys: status survey and conservation action plan 2005-2009. IUCN and WPA, Gland, Switzerland.

Negi, I. S. (1992). Is Mountain Quail extinct? Cheetal 31(1-2): 15-18.

Negi, I. S. (2006). Is Mountain Quail extinct? Cheetal 45(3-4): 48-51.

Osmaston, B. B. (1935). Birds of Dehra Dun and adjacent hills. Indian Military Acad. Jour. Supplement.

Rahmani, Asad R. and Mohan, Dhananjai. (2014). Threatened Birds of Uttarakhand. Oxford University Press India.

Rieger, Ingo and Walzthöny, Doris. (1991). Look out for the Mountain Quail. The WWF India Quarterly Newsletter 2(4): 18-19.

Rieger, Ingo and Walzthöny, Doris. (1992). The distribution of the mountain quail (Ophrysia superciliosa) in the last century. Gibier Faune Sauvage 9: 585-590.

Rieger, Ingo and Walzthöny, Doris. (1993). Searching for Mountain Quails, Ophrysia superciliosa. [incomplete citation]

Ripley, S. D. (1952). Vanishing and extinct bird species of India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 50: 902-904.

Sankaran, R. (1990). Mountain Quail - a preliminary survey. in Anon. Status and ecology of the Lesser and Bengal. Floricans with reports on Jerdon’s Courser and Mountain Quail. Bombay: BNHS pp. 135-137.

Shafiq, T.; Javed, S.; Kaul, R. (2000). Himalayan Mountain Quail in India Living or extinct? Annual Review of the World Pheasant Association 1999/2000: 46-52. 

Talwar, R. 1995. The mountain quail (Ophrysia superciliosa). Newsletter for Birdwatchers 35: 32-33.

Talwar, R. (1996a). Mountain Quail, Waiting to be rediscovered. World Wildlife Fund- India Quarterly. 7(2): 18.

Talwar, R. (1996b). The Mountain Quail waiting to be rediscovered! Discover India. 9(10): 24-25.

Wagstaffe, R. (19??). Type Specimens of bird in the Merseyside County Museums. Merseyside County Museums, Liverpool.

http://birdbase.hokkaido-ies.go.jp/rdb/rdb_en/ophrsupe.pdf

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/05/letter-from-india-mountain-quail

http://mintonsunday.livemint.com/news/the-quest-for-the-himalayan-quail/2.3.2759013244.html

http://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/6335/ophrysia-superciliosa-himalayan-quail

 

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