Meleagris crassipes Miller, 1940

Bigfoot turkey, Big-foot turkey



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Wisconsinan





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Miller, Loye. (1940). A New Pleistocene Turkey From Mexico. Condor 42(3): 154-156.


Other references:

Brasso, R. L., and S. D. Emslie. 2006. Two new late Pleistocene avifaunas from New Mexico. Condor 108:721-730.

Czaplewski, Nicholas J., Mead, Jim I. and Peachey, William D. (2022). Late Pleistocene vertebrate fauna of Pyeatt Cave, Huachuca Mountains, Cochise County, Arizona. In: Morgan, Gary S. et al. Late Cenozoic Vertebrates from the American Southwest: A Tribute to Arthur H. Harris. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 88: 301-326.

Harris, Arthur H. (1987). Reconstruction of Mid Wisconsin Environments in Southern New Mexico. National Geographic Research 3(2): 142-151.

Harris, Arthur H. (1993). Quaternary vertebrates of New Mexico, pp. 179-197. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in New Mexico, New Mexico Museum of Natural History, Bulletin 2: i-vii, 1-338.

Howard, Hildegarde. (1962). Bird remains from a prehistoric cave deposit in Grant County, New Mexico. Condor 64: 241-242.

Howard, Hildegarde. (1971). Quaternary avian remains from Dark Canyon Cave, New Mexico. Condor 73(2): 237-240.

Jefferson, G. T. (1991). A catalogue of Late Quaternary vertebrates from California. Part one; nonmarine lower vertebrate and avian taxa. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Technical Reports 5: 1-60.

Morgan, G. S. and Lucas, S. G. (2005). Pleistocene vertebrate faunas in New Mexico from alluvial, fluvial, and lacustrine deposits, pp. 185-248: In: Lucas, S. G., Morgan, Gary S. and Zeigler, K. E. (eds.). New Mexico's Ice Ages. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 28: 1-280.

Needham, C. E. 1936. Vertebrate remains from Cenozoic rocks. Science 84: 537.

Rea, A. M. (1980). Late Pleistocene and Holocene turkeys in the Southwest. Contrib. Sci., Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angel. Co.  330: 209-224.

Reynolds, R. E., R. L. Reynolds, C. J. Bell, N. J. Czaplewski, H. T. Goodwin, J. I. Mead, and B. Roth. (1991). The Kokoweef Cave faunal assemblage, pp. 97-103. In: Crossing the Borders: Quaternary Studies in Eastern California and Southwestern Nevada (R. E. Reynolds, compiler). MDQRC 1991 Special Publication, San Bernardino County Museum Association, Redlands, CA.

Steadman, David  W.  (1980). A review of the osteology and paleontology of turkeys (Aves: Meleagridinae). Contrib. Sci., Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angel. Co. 330: 131-207.


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