Megapodius molistructor Balouet & Olson, 1989

Pile-builder megapode

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Anderson's megapode

A hypothetical species based upon the very brief description given by Anderson (unpublished MS), it may be synonymous with either this taxon or M. sp. nov. 'New Caledonia'.

 

Conservation Status

Extinct

Last record: subfossil remains

 

Distribution

New Caledonia & Tonga

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

Holotype: NCP 600

Type locality: "Pindai Cave, Nepoui Peninsula, west coast of New Caledonia; 21° 20'S, 164°57'E."

 

Paratypes (Pindai cave):

NCP 601

NCP 602

NCP 603

NCP 604

NCP 605

 

Paratypes (Kanumera):

NCK 600

NCK 601

NCK 602

NCK 603

NCK 604

NCK 605

NCK 606

NCK 607

NCK 608

 

Anderson et. al. (2010) reported a further single coracoid from Pindai in addition to the material first reported when (Baleout & Olson, 1989) described the species.

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Balouet, Jean Christophe and Olson, Storrs L. (1989). Fossil Birds from Late Quaternary Deposits in New Caledonia. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 469: 1-38, 16 figures, 13 tables.

 

Other references:

Anderson, Atholl, Sand, Christophe, Petchey, Fiona and Worthy, Trevor H. (2010). Faunal Extinction and Human Habitation in New Caledonia: Initial Results and Implications of New Research at the Pindai Caves. Journal of Pacific Archaeology 1(1): 89-109.

Franklin, Janet and Steadman, David W. (2008). Prehistoric species richness of birds on oceanic islands. Oikos 117: 1885-1891. [Abstract]

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Steadman, David W. (1999). The biogeography and extinction of megapodes in Oceania. Proceedings Third International Megapode Symposium. Zool. Verh. Leiden 327: 7-21.

Steadman, David W., Pregill, Gregory K. and Burley, David V. (2002). Rapid prehistoric extinction of iguanas and birds in Polynesia. PNAS 99(6): 3673-3677.

 

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