Francolinus francolinus billypayni Meinertzhagen, 1933:21

Turkish black francolin, Amik Gölü black francolin



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Considered a synonym of F. f. francolinus by (Dickinson, 2003), but valid by (McGowan, 1994). Probably an invalid subspecies:


Conservation Status

Invalid (synonym)

Last record: Late 1900's (Hume & Walters, 2012:41)



Amik Gölü, Turkey (southern)


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Meinertzhagen, Richard. (1933). "Descriptions of new species of wren and francolin". Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 54: 20-21.


Other references:

Dickinson, E. C. (ed.). (2003). The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. London: Christopher Helm.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

McGowan, P. J. K. (1994). Family Phasianidae (Pheasants & Partridges), pp. 434-552. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Volume 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions.

Meinertzhagen, Richard. (1935). Ornithological results of a trip to Syria, and adjacent countries in 1933. Ibis, ser. 13, 5: 110-151. [relevant citation?]


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