Coturnix novaezelandiae Quoy & Gaimard, 1830:242

New Zealand quail, Koreke (Māori)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Complete synonymy from (Checklist Committee (OSNZ), 2022:39):

Coturnix Novae-Zelandiae Quoy & Gaimard, 1830: in Dumont d’Urville, Voyage Astrolabe Zool. 1: 242, pl. 24, fig. 1 – Hauraki Gulf.; Coturnix Novae Zealandiae Quoy & Gaimard; G.R. Gray 1843, in E. Dieffenbach, Travels in N.Z. 2: 195. Unjustified emendation.; Coturnix Novae Zelandiae Quoy [sic]; Anon. 1870, Cat. Colonial Mus.: 74. Unjustified emendation.; Coturnix novae zealandiae Quoy & Gaimard; Buller 1872 (Dec.), History of the Birds of N.Z., 1st edition (part 3): 161. Unjustified emendation.; Coturnix novae-zealandiae Quoy & Gaimard; Travers 1883, Trans. Proc. N.Z. Inst. 15: 186. Unjustified emendation.; Coturnix novaezealandiae Quoy & Gaimard; Mathews & Iredale 1913, Ibis 1 (10th series): 207. Unjustified emendation.; Zecoturnix novae-zelandiae (Quoy & Gaimard); Mathews 1930, Emu 29: 279.; Coturnix novaezealandiae pounami Mathews, 1944: Emu 43: 247 – Port Cooper, Canterbury. Unjustified emendation.; Coturnix novaezealandiae novaezealandiae Quoy & Gaimard; Checklist Committee 1953, Checklist N.Z. Birds: 37. Unjustified emendation.; Coturnix novaezelandiae novaezelandiae Quoy & Gaimard; Checklist Committee 1990, Checklist Birds N.Z.: 115.; Coturnix novaezelandiae Quoy & Gaimard; Marchant & Higgins 1993, HANZAB 2: 402.


Conservation Status


Last record: 1860-1870 (North Island) (Buller, 1883, 1905); December 1869 (North Island) (sighting) (Checklist Committee (OSNZ), 2022:39); 1867-1868 (South Island) (specimens) (Checklist Committee (OSNZ), 2022:39); 1875 (South Island) (sighting) (Buller, 1883; Checklist Committee (OSNZ), 2022:39)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


"Still common by 1848, when as many as 86 could be shot on one day; on the verge of extinction by 1870. The last North Island sighting was Dec. 1869; the last reliable South Island observation was in 1875, with latest specimens collected 1867 or 1868. The reasons for the disappearance are uncertain but it coincides with the establishment of cats and probable ongoing predation by Norway rats (Tennyson & Martinson 2007: 11, 64, 143, 149)."

(Checklist Committee (OSNZ), 2022:39)



New Zealand (North, South & Great Barrier Islands)


Biology & Ecology




[url=]RMNH 110.051[/url] (male)

[url=]RMNH 110.052[/url] (female)


The Whanganui Regional Museum, North Island, New Zealand has at least one specimen ([url=]source[/ur]).



Above: Coturnix novae zealandiae (Male and Female). Plate 19. From the book A history of the birds of New Zealand., 1873, by Johannes Keulemans. Te Papa (RB001176/019a)


Above: New Zealand Quail / Koreke. Coturnix novaezelandiae. From the series: Extinct Birds of New Zealand., 2005, Masterton, by Paul Martinson. Purchased 2006. © Te Papa. CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Te Papa (2006-0010-1/38)



Original scientific description:

Quoy, M. M. and Gaimard, P. (1830). [description of Coturnix novaezelandiae]. Voyage de l'Astrolabe, Zoologie, volume 1, p. 242. Paris: J. Tastu, Éditeur-Impremeur.


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BirdLife International. (2012). Coturnix novaezelandiae. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 20 May 2013.

BirdLife International. 2016. Coturnix novaezelandiae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22678955A92795779. Accessed on 20 June 2022.

Buller, W. L. (1872). A History of the Birds of New Zealand, first edition. pl. 18.

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Buller, W. L. (1883). On some rare species of New Zealand birds. Trans. N.Z. Institute 16: 308-318.

Buller, W. L. (1905). Supplement to a histary of the birds of New Zealand. Publ. by the author, London.

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