Coturnix novaezelandiae Quoy & Gaimard, 1830:242

New Zealand quail, Koreke (Maori name)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Coturnix novae-zelandiae Quoy & Gaimard, 1830:242; Coturnix novaezealandiae Quoy & Gaimard, 1830:242


Conservation Status


Last record: 1860-1870 (North Island) (Buller, 1883, 1905); 1867-1868?; 1875 (South Island) (Buller, 1883)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



New Zealand (North, South & Great Barrier Islands)


Biology & Ecology




[url=]RMNH 110.051[/url] (male)

[url=]RMNH 110.052[/url] (female)


The Whanganui Regional Museum, North Island, New Zealand has at least one specimen ([url=]source[/ur]).



Above: Coturnix novae zealandiae (Male and Female). Plate 19. From the book A history of the birds of New Zealand., 1873, by Johannes Keulemans. Te Papa (RB001176/019a)


Above: New Zealand Quail / Koreke. Coturnix novaezelandiae. From the series: Extinct Birds of New Zealand., 2005, Masterton, by Paul Martinson. Purchased 2006. © Te Papa. CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Te Papa (2006-0010-1/38)



Original scientific description:

Quoy, M. M. and Gaimard, P. (1830). [description of Coturnix novaezelandiae]. Voyage de l'Astrolabe, Zoologie, volume 1, p. 242. Paris: J. Tastu, Éditeur-Impremeur.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012). Coturnix novaezelandiae. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 20 May 2013.

Buller, W. L. (1872). A History of the Birds of New Zealand, first edition. pl. 18.

Buller, W. L. (1887-1888). A History of the Birds of New Zealand, 2 volumes. London: Taylor & Francis.

Buller, W. L. (1883). On some rare species of New Zealand birds. Trans. N.Z. Institute 16: 308-318.

BULLER W. L. 1905: Supplement to a histary of the birds of New Zealand. Publ. by the author, London.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Fleming, C. A. and Lodge, G. E. (1983). George Edward Lodge, Unpublished Bird Paintings. pl. 43.

Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.

Holdaway, Richard N., Worthy, Trevor H. and Tennyson, Alan J. D. (2001). A working list of breeding bird species of the New Zealand region at first human contact. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 28: 119-187.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Jouanin, Christian. (1962). Inventaire des oiseaux éteints ou en voie d’extinction conservés au Muséum de Paris. Terre et Vie 109: 275-301.

Knox, A. G. and Walters, Michael P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of the Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club, Tring, U.K.

Marples, B. K. (1946). List of the birds of New Zealand. Notornis 1(supp.): i-vii.

McGlone, M. S.; Anderson, A. J.; Holdaway, R. N. (1994). An ecological approach to the Polynesian settlement of New Zealand, pp. 136-163 in: Sutton, D. G. (ed.) The origins of the first New Zealanders. Auckland, Auckland University Press. 269 pp.

Millener, P. R. (1981). The Quaternary avifauna of the North Island, New Zealand. Unpublished PhD thesis. Department of Geology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. 897 pp.

Miskelly, C. M. (1999). Mana Island Ecological Restoration Plan. Wellington, Department of Conservation.

Oliver, W. R. B. (1955). New Zealand birds, 2nd edition. Wellington: A. H. & A. W. Reed.

Potts, T. H. (1870). On the birds of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 2: 40-78.

Richardson, J. and Gray, G. R. (1844-75). The Zoology of the Voyage of H. M.S. Erebus and Terror, unde command of Captain Sir James Clark Ross, R.N. pl. 8.

Hugh Robertson, John Dowding, Graeme Elliott, Rod Hitchmough, Colin Miskelly, Colin O’Donnell, Ralph Powlesland, Paul Sagar, Paul Scofield, Graeme Taylor. (2013). Conservation status of New Zealand birds, 2012. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 4. 22 pp.

Seabrook-Davison, M., Huynen, L., Lambert, D.M. and Brunton, D.H. (2009). Ancient DNA resolves identity and phylogeny of New Zealand's extinct and living quail (Coturnix sp.). PLoS One 4(7): e6400.

Shuker, Karl. (2014, 27 October). My very own crypto-bird? - Quailing at the potential rediscover of a long-lost species. Blog post at shukernature, available from here:

Smith, Ian. (1999). Settlement Permanence and Function at Pleasant River Mouth, East Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Archaeology 19: 27-79.

Tennyson, Alan J. D. and Martinson, P. (2006). Extinct Birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press, Wellington.

Trotter, M. M. (1965). Avian remains from North Otago archaeological sites. Notornis 12(3): 176-178.

Williams, G. R. (1962). Extinction and the land and freshwater-inhabiting birds of New Zealand. Notornis 10(1): 15-32.

Worthy, Trevor H. (1993). Fossils of Honeycomb Hill. Museum of New Zealand, Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington. 56 pp.

Worthy, T. H. and Holdaway, R. N. (1994). Quaternary fossil faunas from caves in Takaka Valley and on Takaka Hill, northwest Nelson, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of The Royal Society of New Zealand 24(3): 297-391.

Worthy, Trevor H. and Holdaway, Richard N. (1996). Quaternary fossil faunas, overlapping taphonomies, and palaeofaunal reconstruction in North Canterbury, South Island New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 26(3): 275-361.

Worthy, Trevor H. and Holdaway, Richard N. (2000). Terrestrial fossil vertebrate faunas from inland Hawke's Bay, North Island, New Zealand. Part 1. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 89-154.


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