Stenodus leucichthys leucichthys (Güldenstädt, 1772:533)

Inconnu, Beloribitsa, Sheefish



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Salmo leucichthys Güldenstädt, 1772:533 (original combination)



Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild

Last record: 1960's or later

IUCN status: Extinct in the Wild



Caspian Sea drainage systems


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Güldenstädt, A. J. von. (1772). Salmo Leucichthys et Cyprinus chalcoides descripti. Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae v. 16 (1771): 531-547.

Other references:

Belyaeva, V. N., Vlasenko, A.D. and Ivanov, B.P. (eds.). 1989. [Caspian Sea. Ichthiofauna and fishery resources]. Nauka, Moscow.

Dalrymple, S. E., Abeli, T., Ewen, J. G., Gilbert, T. C., Hogg, C. J., Lloyd, N. A., Moehrenschlager, A., Rodríguez, J. P. and Smith, D. (2023). Addressing Threats and Ecosystem Intactness to Enable Action for Extinct in the Wild Species. Diversity 15: 268.

Fontaine, B., Bouchet, P., Van Achterberg, K., Alonso-Zarazaga, M.A., Araujo, R., Asche, M., Aspöck, U. Audisio, P., Aukema, B., Bailly, N., Balsamo, M., Bank, R.A., Barnard, P., Belfiore, C., Bogdanowicz, W., Bongers, T., Boxshall, G., Burckhardt, D., Camicas, J.-L., Chylarecki, P., Crucitti, P., Deharveng,L., Dubois, A., Enghoff, H., Faubel, A., Fochetti, R., Gargominy, O., Gibson, D., Gibson, R., Soledad Gómez López, M., Goujet, D., Harvey, M.S., Heller, K.-G., Van Helsdingen, P., Hoch, H., De Jong, H., De Jong, Y., Karsholt, O., Los, W., Lundqvist, L., Magowski, W., Manconi, R., Martens, J. Massard, J.A., Massard-Geimer, G., Mcinnes, S.J., Mendes, L.F., Mey, E., Michelsen, V., Minelli, A., Nielsen, C., Nieto Nafría, J.M., Van Nieukerken, E.J., Noyes, J., Pape, T., Pohl, H., De Prins, W., Ramos, M., Ricci, C., Roselaar, C., Rota, E., Schmidt-Rhaesa, A., Segers, H., Zur Strassen, R., Szeptycki, A., Thibaud, J.-M., Thomas, A., Timm, T., Van Tol, J., Vervoort, W. and Willmann, R. (2007). The European Union’s 2010 target: Putting rare species in focus. Biological Conservation 139(1-2): 167-185.

Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. (2008). Stenodus leucichthys. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 01 June 2013.

Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Stenodus leucichthys. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T20745A9229071. Accessed on 04 July 2022.

Jouladeh-Roudbar, A., Ghanavi, H. R. and Doadrio, I. (2020). Ichthyofauna from Iranian freshwater: annotated checklist, diagnosis, taxonomy, distribution and conservation assessment. Zool Stud 59: 21. [automatic download; Warning: 113MB file]

Kottelat, M. and Freyhof, J. 2007. Handbook of European Freshwater Fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland.

Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. (2013). Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

Poursaeid, F. and Falahatkar, B. (2012). Threatened fishes of the world: Stenodus leucichthys leucichthys Güldenstädt, 1772 (Salmonidae). Aqua 18: 31-34.

Reshetnikov, Y.S. 1980. [Ecology and systematics of the coregonid fishes]. Nauka, Moskva.

Shaposhnikova, G. K. (1967). [Comparative characteristics of nelma Stenodus leucichthys nelma (Pallas) and belorybitsa Stenodus leucichthys leucichthys (Guldenstadt)]. [incomplete reference]

Smith, Donal et al. (2023). Extinct in the wild: The precarious state of Earth’s most threatened group of species. Science 379(6634): eadd2889.


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