Rhinichthys cataractae smithi Nichols, 1916

Banff longnose dace



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct (Burkhead, 2012)

Last record: 1982 or earlier (Burkhead, 2012); 1986


Estimated date of extinction: 1982 (Burkhead, 2012)



Cave & Basin Marsh, Banff, Alberta, Canada


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: AMNH 5514






Original scientific description:

Nichols, John Treadwell. (1916). On a new race of minnow from the Rocky Mountains Park. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 35: 69.


Other references:

Burkhead, Noel M. (2012). Extinction Rates in North American Freshwater Fishes, 1900–2010. BioScience 62(9): 798-808.

Campbell, R. R. (1985). Rare and endangered fishes and marine mammals of Canada status reports. II. Can. Field-Naturalist 99: 404-408.

Eigenmann, C. H. (1894). Results of explorations in western Canada and the northwestern United States. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission for 1894 14: 101-132.

Hudon, Daniel. (2016). From "Brief Eulogies for Lost Species. The Goose 15(1): 1.

Jelks, Howard L., Walsh, Stephen J., Burkhead, Noel M., Contreras-Balderas, Salvador, Díaz-Pardo, Edmundo, Hendrickson, Dean A., Lyons, J., Mandrak, Nicholas E., McCormick, Frank, Nelson, Joseph F., Platania, Steven P., Porter, Brady A., Renaud, Claude B., Schmitter-Soto, Juan Jacabo, Taylor, Eric B. and Warren, Melvin L. Jr. (2008). Conservation status of imperiled North American freshwater and diadromous fishes. Fisheries 33(8): 372-407.

Lanteigne, J. (1981). Status of the Banff longnose dace, Rhinichthys cataractae smithi. Report to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 20 pp.

Lanteigne, J. (1988). Status of the Banff longnose dace, Rhinichthys cataractae smithi, in Canada. Can. Field-Nat. 102: 170-176.

Macullo, Marcel Adrien. (2009). Genetic determination of sub-species classification for the Banff longnose dace (Rhinichthys cataractae smithi). Dissertation submitted to the University of Northern British Columbia, 106 pp. [Abstract]

McAllister, D. E. (1969). Introduction of tropical fishes into a hotspring near Banff, Alberta. Can. Field-Naturalist 83: 31-35.

McAllister, D. E. (1970). Rare or endangered Canadian fishes. Can. Field-Naturalist 84: 5-8.

McAllister, D. E. and Gruchy, C. G. (1977). Status and habitat of Canadian fishes in 1976, pp. 151-157. In: Mosquin, T. and Suchal, C. (eds.). Canada's threatened species and habitats. Proceedings of the Symposium on Canada's Threatened Species and Habitats co-sponsored by the Canadian Nature Federation and the World Wildlife Fund (Canada). 185 pp.

Miller, R. R., Williams, J. D. and Williams, J. E. (1989). Extinctions of North American fishes during the past century. Fisheries 14(6): 22-38.

Nelson, J. S. (1983). The tropical fish fauna in Cave and basin Hotsprings drainage, Banff National Park, Alberta. Can. Field-Naturalist 97: 255-261.

Nelson, J. S. and Paetz, M. J. (1982). Alberta fish species. Alberta Naturalist 12: 52-53.

Paetz, M. J. and Nelson, J. S. (1970). The fishes of Alberta. Edmonton: The Queen's Printer. 282 pp.

Renaud, Claude B. and McAllister, Don E. (1988). Taxonomic status of the extinct Banff longnose dace, Rhinichthys cataractae smithi, of Banff National Park, Alberta. Environmental Biology of Fishes 23(1-2): 95-114.

Schindler, David W. (2000). Aquatic Problems Caused by Human Activities in Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 29(7): 401-407. [Abstract]


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