Barbodes disa Herre, 1932

Disa, Diza



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Puntius disa (Herre 1932)


Invalid as Puntius disa because the genus is highly polyphyletic, it is not the type species of the genus, and it does not have close affinities with the type species (i.e. should be placed in a separate genus from the type species). Barbodes is available (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:85).


Conservation Status


Last record: 1964

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Lake Lanao, Lanao Province, Mindanao Island, Philippines


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Herre, A. W. C. T. (1932). Five new Philippine fishes. Copeia 1932: 139-142.


Other references:

Ali, S.M. 2001. Status of fish resources in some areas of Lake Lanao based o fishermen’s catch and market surveys. . Graduate School, Biology Department, College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics , MIndanao State University.

Bacarat, H. 2001. Status of fish resources in the northwestern part of Lake Lanao based on fishermen’s catch. An undergraduate Thesis. Mindanao State University..

Bleher, H. 1994. Lanao. Aqua Geographia 10(4): 6-30.

DENR. 2015. Report on the establishment of permanent vegetative cover and monitoring station. Lake Lanao Watershed Protection and Development Project (LLWPDP) Report.

Escudero, P.E.T. 1995. Lake Lanao fisheries: problems and recommendations. In: R.B. Edra, E.V. Manalili, and R.D. Guerrero III (eds), National Symposium-Workshop on Lake Fisheries Management Book Ser. No. 19/1995: 125.

Escudero, P.T. and Demoral, M.A. 1983. Preliminary studies on the biology and fishery of Hypseleotris agilis Herre. J. Fish. Aquac. 4: 3-89.

Escudero, P.T., Gripaldo, O.M. and Sahay, N.M. 1980. Biological studies of the Glossogobius giurus (Hamilton & Buchanan) and the Puntius sirang (Herre) in Lake Lanao. Journal of Fisheries Aquaculture 1(1): 154.

Frey, D. 1969. A limnological reconnaissance of Lake Lanao. Mindanao Journal 1(1): 81-101.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Guerrero, R.D. III. 2001. Status of the effects of various alien invasive species in freshwater/wetland ecosystems. . Seminar-Workshop on Biodiversity and Management of Alien Invasive Species in the Philippines: 73. Quezon City, Philippines.

Hadji Ali, K. 2002. Status of fish resources in southwestern part of Lake Lanao based on fishermen’s catch. Graduate School, Biology Department, College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics , Mindanao State University Marawi Campus.

Harrison, I.J. and Stiassny, M.L.J. 1999. The Quiet Crisis. A preliminary listing of the freshwater fishes of the world that are Extinct or “Missing in Action". In: R.D.E. MacPhee (ed.) Extinctions in Near Time, pp. 271-331. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York.

Herre, A.W.C.T. 1953. Check list of Philippine fishes. Res. Rep. U.S. Fish Wild. Serv.

Ismail, G.B., Sampson, D.B. and Noakes, D.L.G. 2014. The status of Lake Lanao endemic cyprinids (Puntius species) and their conservation. Environmental Biology of Fishes 97: 425-434.

IUCN. 1990. IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Juliano, R.O., Guerrero III, R. and Ronquillo, I. 1989. The introduction of exotic aquatic species in the Philippines. In: S.S. De Silva (ed.), Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia, pp. 83-90. Manila, Philippines.

Kornfield, I. and Carpenter, K.E. 1984. Cyprinids of Lake Lanao, Philippines: taxonomy validity, evolutionary rates and speciation scenarios. In: A.A. Echelle and I. Kornfield (eds), Evolution of fish species flocks, pp. 69-84. University of Maine at Orone Press, Maine, U.S.A.

Kottelat, M. 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of Southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology: 1-663.

Metillo, E.B. and Garcia-Hansel, C.O. 2016. A review on the ecology and biodiversity of Lake Lanao (Mindanao Is., The Philippines). IAMURE International Journal of Ecology and Conservation 18: 17-66.

Naga, P.O. 2010. Lake Lanao: an ancient lake in distress. 13th World Lake Conference : 7.

Pethiyagoda, R., Meegaskumbura, M. and Maduwage, K. (2012). A synopsis of the South Asian fishes referred to Puntius (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 23(1): 69-95.

Rosagaron, R.P. 2001. Lake Lanao: its past and present status. . In: C.B. Santiago, M.L. Cuvin-Aralar and Z.U. Basiao (eds), Conservation and Ecological Management of Philippine Lakes in Relation to Fisheries and Aquaculture , pp. 29-39. Quezon City, Philippines.

Sanguila, W.M., Rosales, A., Tabaranza, B. Jr. and Mohamad, S. 1975. Notes on the food habits of Puntius sirang and Glossogobius giuris. Mindanao J. 4(1): 3-11.

Torres, A.G. 2018. Assessment of fish diversity and environmental conditions towards integrated conservation of endemic fishes (Cyprinidae) of Lake Lanao, Philippines. School of Environmental Science and Management, University of the Philippines Los Banos.

Torres, A.G., Guerrero, R.D. III, Nacua, S.S., Gimena, R.V., Eza, N.D., Kesner-Reyes, K., Villanueva, T.R., Alcantara, A.J. & Rebancos, C.M. 2020. Barbodes disa (errata version published in 2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T18888A192625192. Downloaded on 01 June 2021.

UPLB-DENR. 2014. Formulation of an integrated river basin management and development master plan Ranao (Agus) River Basin. Vol. 2.

Villaluz, D.K. 1966. The Lake Lanao fisheries and their conservation. Bureau of Printing, Manila.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996). Puntius disa. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 31 May 2013.


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