Pterapogon kauderni Koumans, 1933

Banggai cardinalfish



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Rediscovered in 1992 (Bruins et al., 2004)



Banggai Archipelago, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia


Biology & Ecology










Bruins, E. B. A., Moreau, M. A., Lunn, K. E., Vagelli, A. A. and Hall, H. (2004). 10 Years after rediscovering the Banggai Cardinalfish. Musée Océanographique, Monaco. Bulletin de l’Institut Océanographique 77(1446): 71-81.

Ndobe, Samliok, Moore, Abigail, Nasmia (mononym), Madinawati (mononym) and Serdiata, Novalina. (2013). The Banggai cardinalfish: an overview of local research (2007-2009). Galaxea, Journal of Coral Reef Studies (Special Issue) [2013]: 243-252.

Ndobe, Samliok et al. (2019). Banggai cardinalfish conservation: priorities, opportunities, and risks. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 253: 012033.

Ndobe, Samliok et al. (2020). Monitoring the endemic ornamental fish Pterapogon kauderni in Bokan Kepulauan, Banggai marine protected area, Indonesia. Deepik 9(1): 18-31.

Yalindua, Fione Y. et al. (2022). Systematic review of research trends on the endemic fish Pterapogon kauderni. AACL Bioflux 15(1): 96-114. [Abstract]


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