Paretroplus maculatus Kiener & Maugé, 1966

Damba Mipentina



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild?

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered


Has not been recorded in the wild in well over a decade (pre-2011), with a decline noted before this. However, the species is kept in both public collections and by private hobbyists (Leiss et al., 2022).





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Kiener, A. and Maugé, M. 1966. Contribution à l'étude systématique et écologique des poissons Cichlidae endémiques de Madagascar. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle 40(2): 51-99.


Other references:

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). (1996). 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

de Rham, P. and Nourissat, J.-C. (2002). Les cichlidés endémiques de Madagascar. Association France Cichlid. Sagrafic, Barcelona, Spain.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). (1994). 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Leiss, Laura et al. (2022). Review of threatened Malagasy freshwater fishes in zoos and aquaria: The necessity of an ex situ conservation network—A call for action. Zoo Biology 41: 244-262.

Loiselle, P.V. and de Rham, P. (2003). Paretroplus. In: S.M. Goodman and J.P. Benstead (eds) The Natural History of Madagascar, pp. 877-878. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Máiz-Tomé, L., Sayer, C. and Darwall, W. (eds.). (2018). The status and distribution of freshwater biodiversity in Madagascar and the Indian Ocean islands hotspot. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. viii + 128 pp.

Nourissat, J.-C. (1992). Madagascar 1991. Revue Francaise des Cichlidophiles 118:9-29.

Nourissat, J.-C. (1997). Madagascar 1996. Revue Francaise des Cichlidophiles 174:19-34.

Sparks, J. S. (2008). Phylogeny of the Cichlid Subfamily Etroplinae and Taxonomic Revision of the Malagasy Cichlid Genus Paretroplus (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 314: 1-151.

Sparks, J. S. (2016). Paretroplus maculatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T16236A58297455. Downloaded on 03 March 2018.


<< Back to the Neopterygii (New-Finned Fishes) database