Oncorhynchus clarkii stomias (Cope, 1871)

Greenback cutthroat trout



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Salmo stomias Cope, 1871


Conservation Status

Last record: 1930's

Rediscovered in 1957





Biology & Ecology







Above: illustration by Aleta Pahel, published in Ono et al. (1983).



Original scientific description:

Cope, Edward Drinker. (1871). Recent reptiles and fishes: report on the reptiles and fishes obtained by the naturalists of the expedition. Pages 432-444 in F. V. Hayden, editor. Preliminary report of the U.S. Geological Survey of Wyoming and portions of contiguous territories (second annual report). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Other references:

Behnke, R. J. 1992. Native trout of western North America. American Fisheries Society Monograph 6. xx + 275 pp.

Jordan, D. S. (1891). Report of explorations in Colorado and Utah during the summer of 1889, with an account of the fishes found in each of the river basins examined. Bulletin of the U.S. Fish Commission 9: 1-40.

Matthews, J.R. and C.J. Moseley (eds.). 1990. The Official World Wildlife Fund Guide to Endangered Species of North America. Volume 1. Plants, Mammals. xxiii + pp 1-560 + 33 pp. appendix + 6 pp. glossary + 16 pp. index. Volume 2. Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Fishes, Mussels, Crustaceans, Snails, Insects, and Arachnids. xiii + pp. 561-1180. Beacham Publications, Inc., Washington, D.C.

Ono, R. Dana, Williams, James D. and Wagner, Anne [with painting by Aleta Pahel]. (1983). Vanishing Fishes of North America. Washington DC: Stone Wall Press, Inc. 257 pp.

Smith, G. R., and R. F. Stearley. 1989. The classification and scientific names of rainbow and cutthroat trouts. Fisheries (Bethesda) 14(1):4-10.

Trotter, Patrick C. (2008). Cutthroat: Native Trout of the West (2nd ed.). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Rubingh, Jim; Fritz, Richard (2009). Colorado Greenback Cutthroat Trout: A Fisherman's Guide. Portland, OR: Frank Amato Publishers.

Wickstrom, Gordon M. (1998). Bringing Back the Greenback: Oncoryhnchus clarki stomias. The American Fly Fisher. American Museum of Fly Fishing 24(4): 5-8.

Young, M. K., and A. L. Harig. 2001. A critique of the recovery of greenback cutthroat trout. Conservation Biology 15:1575-1584.


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