Notropis orca Woolman, 1894

Phantom shiner



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct (Burkhead, 2012)

Last record: 1975 (Miller et al. 1989:26)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


Estimated date of extinction: 1975



Mexico & El Paso county, Texas, USA


Biology & Ecology




USNM 212260.5070922 (2 fish)

CAS 2278 (4 fish)


See here:






Original scientific description:

Woolman, A. J. (1894). Report on a collection of fishes from the rivers of central and northern Mexico. Bull. U. S. Fish Comm. 14(1895): 55-66.


Other references:

Bestgen, K.R. and Platania, S.P. 1990. Extirpation of Notropis simus simus (Cope) and Notropis orca Woolman (Pisces: Cyprinidae) from the Rio Grande in New Mexico, with noes on their life history. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Southwestern Biology 6: 1-8.

Burkhead, Noel M. (2012). Extinction Rates in North American Freshwater Fishes, 1900–2010. BioScience 62(9): 798-808.

Chernoff, Barry, Miller, Robert Rush and Gilbert, Carter R. (1982). Notropis orca and Notropis simus, cyprinid fishes from the American southwest, with description of a new subspecies. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 698: 1-49.

Gilbert, Carter R. (1978). Type catalogue of the North American cyprinid fish genus Nolropis. Bull. Fla. St. Mus., Biol. Sci., 23(1): 1-104.

Hubbs, C. (1957). A checklist of Texas fresh-water fishes. Texas Game & Fish Comm., IF Series, 3: l-11.

Jelks, Howard L., Walsh, Stephen J., Burkhead, Noel M., Contreras-Balderas, Salvador, Díaz-Pardo, Edmundo, Hendrickson, Dean A., Lyons, J., Mandrak, Nicholas E., McCormick, Frank, Nelson, Joseph F., Platania, Steven P., Porter, Brady A., Renaud, Claude B., Schmitter-Soto, Juan Jacabo, Taylor, Eric B. and Warren, Melvin L. Jr. (2008). Conservation status of imperiled North American freshwater and diadromous fishes. Fisheries 33(8): 372-407.

Knapp, F. T. (1953). Fishes found in the fresh waters of Texas. Ragland Studio & Litho Printing Co., Brunswick, Ga. 

Meek, Seth Eugene. (1904). The Fresh-water Fishes of Mexico North of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Zoological Series, volume 5. Chicago. 252 pp.

Miller, R. R. (1976). An evaluation of Seth E. Meek's contributions to Mexican ichthyology. Fieldiana, Zool. 69(1): 1-31

Miller, R. R., Williams, J. D. and Williams, J. E. (1989). Extinctions of North American fishes during the past century. Fisheries 14(6): 22-38.

Moore, G. A. (1957). Fishes, pp. 31-210. In: Vertebrates of the United States. McGraw-Hill, N.Y.

NatureServe. 2013. Notropis orca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T14891A19034247. Downloaded on 17 May 2016.

Nelson, J.S., Crossman, E.J., Espinosa-Perez, H., Findley, L.T., Gilbert, C.R., Lea, R.N. and Williams, J.D. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Page, L.M. and Burr, B.M. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.

Page, L.M. and Burr, B.M. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, Massachusetts.

Robins, C.R., Bailey, R.M., Bond, C.E., Brooker, J.R., Lachner, E.A., Lea, R.N. and Scott, W.B. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society.

Sublette, J.E., Hatch, M.D and Sublette, M. (1990). The fishes of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Suckling, Kieran, Slack, Rhiwena and Nowicki, Brian. (2004). Extinct and the Endangered Species Act. Centre For Biological Diversity. 63 pp.


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