Malagodon madagascariensis (Arnoult, 1963)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Oryzias madagascariensis Arnoult, 1963; Pantanodon madagascariensis (Arnoult, 1963)


Conservation Status

Extinct (Sparks, 2016; Carr et al., 2024)

Last record: late 1962 (Carr et al., 2024)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



north-eastern Madagascar


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Arnoult, J. (1963). Un Oryziiné (Pisces, Cyprinodontidae) nouveau de l’est de Madagascar. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Sér. 2, 35(3): 235-237.


Other references:

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Benstead, J.P, Stiassny, M.L.J., Loiselle, P.V., Rising, K.J. and Raminosoa, N. 2000. River conservation in Madagascar. In: P.J. Boon, B.R. Davies & G.E. Petts (eds). Global Perspectives on River Conservation pp: 205-231. Wiley, UK.

Bragança, Pedro H. N., Amorim, Pedro F. and Costa, Wilson J. E. M. (2018). Pantanodontidae (Teleostei, Cyprinodontiformes), the sister group to all other cyprinodontoid killifishes as inferred by molecular data. Zoosystematics and Evolution 94(1): 137-145.

Carr, Emily M., Martin, Rene P. and Sparks, John S. (2024). A New Extinct Species of Malagodon (Cyprinodontiformes: Pantanodontidae) from Southeastern Coastal Madagascar, with a Discussion of its Phylogenetic Relationships and a Redescription of the Genus. American Museum Novitates 2024(4012): 1-16.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Harrison, I.J. and Stiassny, M.L.J. 1999. The Quiet Crisis. A preliminary listing of the freshwater fishes of the world that are Extinct or “Missing in Action". In: R.D.E. MacPhee (ed.) Extinctions in Near Time, pp. 271-331. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York.

Máiz-Tomé, L., Sayer, C. and Darwall, W. (eds.). (2018). The status and distribution of freshwater biodiversity in Madagascar and the Indian Ocean islands hotspot. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. viii + 128 pp.

Meinema, E. and Huber, J. H. (2023). Review of Pantanodontidae (Cyprinodontiformes) and its fossil and extant genera Pantanodon Myers, 1955 and †Paralebias Gaudant, 2013 with descriptions of two new recent genera and five new species. Killi-Data Series 2023: 21-73.

Rosen, Donn Eric. (1965). Oryzias madagascariensis Arnoult redescribed and assigned to the East African fish genus Pantanodon (Atheriniformes, Cyprinodontoidei). American Museum Novitates 2240, 10 pp.

Sparks, J. S. (2003). Pantanodon, pp. 871-872. In: S.M. Goodman and J.P. Benstead (eds), The Natural history of Madagascar. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Sparks, J. S. (2016). Pantanodon madagascariensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T15949A58297104. Downloaded on 03 March 2018.

Sparks, J.S. and Stiassny, M.L.J. 2003. Introduction to the freshwater fishes. In: S.M. Goodman and J.P. Benstead (eds), The natural history of Madagascar, pp. 849-863. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.

Sparks, J.S. and Stiassny, M.L.J. 2008. Les poissons d'eaux douce. In: S.M. Goodman (ed.), Paysages Naturels et Biodiversité de Madagascar, pp. 283-309. Publications Scientifiques Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (MNHN), Paris.

Stiassny, M.L.J. and Raminosoa, N. 1994. The fishes of the inland waters of Madagascar. In: G.G. Teugels, J.-F Guégan and J.-J Albaret (eds), Biological diversity in African fresh and brackish water fishes, pp. 133-148.


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