Galaxias pedderensis Frankenberg, 1968

Pedder galaxias



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild

Last record: 1987 (Chilcott et al., 2013)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered



Lake Pedder, Tasmania, Australia


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Frankenberg, R. S. (1968). Two new species of galaxiid fishes from the Lake Pedder region of southern Tasmania. Australian Zoologist 14: 268-274.


Other references:

Adams, Mark et al. (2023). Multi-gene insights into the taxonomy and conservation of Tasmania’s galaxiid fishes. Marine and Freshwater Research 74(13): 1113-1128.

Burridge CP, McDowall RM, Craw D, Wilson MVH, Waters JM (2012) Marine dispersal as a pre-requisite for Gondwanan vicariance among elements of the galaxiid fish fauna. Journal of Biogeography 39, 306–321. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02600.x

Bryant, Sally L. and Jackson, J. (1999). Tasmania's Threatened Fauna Handbook: What, Where and How to Protect Tasmania's Threatened Animals. Threatened Species Unit, DPIWE, Hobart. [p. 279-281]

Chilcott, Stuart et al. (2013). Extinct habitat, extant species: lessons learned from conservation recovery actions for the Pedder galaxias (Galaxias pedderensis) in south-west Tasmania, Australia. Marine & Freshwater Research 64(9): 864-873. [Abstract]

Crook, D.A. and Sanger, A.C. 1997. Recovery Plan for the Pedder, Swan, Clarence, swamp and saddled galaxias. Inland Fisheries Commission, Hobart.

Davis, William E. Jnr. (2007). Tasmania: A Natural History. Chipping Norton, NSW: Surrey Beatty & Sons. 269 pp.

Environment Australia. (2007). Galaxias pedderensis (Family Galaxiidae) Account on SpeciesBank. Available at (accessed 17 June 2007).

Fulton, W. (1990). Tasmanian Freshwater Fishes. Fauna of Tasmania Handbook No. 7. University of Tasmania, Hobart.

Gaffney, R. F., Hamr, P., and Davies, P. E. (1992). The Pedder galaxias recovery plan: Management Phase. Department of Parks, Wildlife and Heritage, Hobart. 

Hamr, P. 1992a. Conservation of Galaxias pedderensis. Inland Fisheries Commission Occasional Report 92-01. Inland Fisheries Commission, Hobart.

Hamr, P. (1992b). The Pedder Galaxias. Australian Natural History 23: 904.

Hamr, P. 1995. Threatened fishes of the world: Galaxias pedderensis Frankenberg, 1968 (Galaxiidae). Env Biol. Fish. 43, 406.

Hardie, S. A., Jackson, J. E., Barmuta, L. A., and White, R. W. G. (2006). Status of galaxiid fishes in Tasmania, Australia: conservation listings, threats and management issues. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 16, 235–250.

Hoser, Raymond T. (1991). Endangered Animals of Australia. Mosman, NSW: Pierson & Co. 240 pp. [pp. 57]

Low, Tim and Booth, Carol. (2023). GONE: Australian animals extinct since the 1960s. Invasive Species Council Inc.

Mosley, J. G. (1969). Conserving the Southwest Tasmanian Wilderness. Australian Natural History 16(5): 145-150.

Sanger, A. C. (1988). The distribution, abundance and status of the swamp galaxias and G. pedderensis in the Lake Pedder region of the World Heritage Area. In ‘Further Collections of Freshwater Fauna from the World Heritage Area, Tasmania’. (Ed. W. Fulton) pp. 33–36. Inland Fisheries Commission Occasional Report 88-03. Inland Fisheries Commission, Hobart. 

Sanger, A. C. (2001). Prospects and problems for the restoration of the Pedder galaxias. In ‘Lake Pedder: Values and Restoration’. (Ed. C. Sharples.) pp. 125–130. Occasional Paper No. 27. Centre for Environmental Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart. 

Sanger, A., and Fulton, W. (1989). Investigation of the Lake Pedder galaxias, Galaxias pedderensis. Report to Department of Parks, Wildlife and Heritage, Tasmania.

Threatened Species Unit (1999). Listing Statement: Pedder Galaxias Galaxias pedderensis. Parks and Wildlife Service, Dept of Environment and Land Management, Hobart.

Wager, R. (1996). Galaxias pedderensis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 28 April 2013.

Wager, R. and Jackson, P. (1993). The Action Plan for Australian Freshwater Fishes. Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Canberra.

Woinarski, John C. Z., Braby, M. F., Burbidge, A. A., Coates, D., Garnett, S. T., Fensham, R. J., Legge, S. M., McKenzie, N. L., Silcock, J L. and Murphy, B. P. (2019). Reading the black book: The number, timing, distribution and causes of listed extinctions in Australia. Biological Conservation 239: 108261.


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