Fundulus albolineatus Gilbert, 1891

Whiteline topminnow



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct (Burkhead, 2012)

Last record: 27 May 1889 (Miller et al. 1989:31)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


Recent surveys at the type locality have failed to rediscover this species. Estimated date of extinction: 1900 (Burkhead, 2012).



Spring Creek and Big Spring, Huntsville, Madison County, Alabama, USA


Biology & Ecology




25 preserved specimens exist, all collected by P. H. Kirsch, U.S. Bureau of Fisheries, on the 27th and 28th of May, 1889 (Williams & Etnier, 1982). However, Gilbert (1891) did not designate a holotype from the type series when he originally described the species. Williams & Etnier (1982) assigned a lectotype, which means the rest of the series became paralectotypes.



USNM 125055 (male)



USNM 225996 (1)

UMMZ 157629 (1)

CAS 44176 (9)

SU 1029 (8)


Other specimens (originally erroneously catalogued as F. catenatus, and subsequently correctly assigned to F. albolineatus)


USNM 63133 (5)






Original scientific description:

Gilbert, C. H. (1891). Report of explorations made in Alabama during 1889, with notes of the fishes of the Tennessee, Alabama, and Escambia rivers. Bull. U.S. Fish. Comm. 9: 143-159.


Other references:

Armstrong, J. G. and Williams, J. D. (1971). Cave and spring fishes of the southern bend of the Tennessee River. J. Tenn. Acad. Sci. 46(3): 107-115.

Boschung, H.T. and Mayden, R.L. 2004. Fishes of Alabama. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Burkhead, Noel M. (2012). Extinction Rates in North American Freshwater Fishes, 1900–2010. BioScience 62(9): 798-808.

Cashner, R.C., Rogers, J.S. and Grady, J.M. 1992. Phylogenetic studies of the genus Fundulus. In: R.L. Mayden (ed.), Systematics, historical ecology, and North American freshwater fishes, pp. 421-437. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California.

Huver, C.W. 1973. A bibliography of the genus Fundulus. G. K. Hall and Company, Boston, Massachusetts.

Jelks, Howard L., Walsh, Stephen J., Burkhead, Noel M., Contreras-Balderas, Salvador, Díaz-Pardo, Edmundo, Hendrickson, Dean A., Lyons, J., Mandrak, Nicholas E., McCormick, Frank, Nelson, Joseph F., Platania, Steven P., Porter, Brady A., Renaud, Claude B., Schmitter-Soto, Juan Jacabo, Taylor, Eric B. and Warren, Melvin L. Jr. (2008). Conservation status of imperiled North American freshwater and diadromous fishes. Fisheries 33(8): 372-407.

Lee, D.S., Gilbert, C.R., Hocutt, C.H., Jenkins, R.E., McAllister, D.E. and Stauffer, J.R., Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Mettee, M.F., O'Neil, P.E. and Pierson, J.M. 1996. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. Oxmoor House, Birmingham, Alabama.

Miller, R. R., Williams, J. D. and Williams, J. E. (1989). Extinctions of North American fishes during the past century. Fisheries 14(6): 22-38.

NatureServe. 2021. Fundulus albolineatus (amended version of 2013 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T8706A207441610. Accessed on 01 July 2022.

Nelson, J.S., Crossman, E.J., Espinosa-Perez, H., Findley, L.T., Gilbert, C.R., Lea, R.N. and Williams, J.D. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Ono, R. Dana, Williams, James D. and Wagner, Anne [with painting by Aleta Pahel]. (1983). Vanishing Fishes of North America. Washington DC: Stone Wall Press, Inc. 257 pp.

Page, L.M. and Burr, B.M. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.

Page, L.M. and Burr, B.M. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, Massachusetts.

Parenti, L.R. 1981. A phylogenetic and biogeographic analysis of Cyprinodontiform fishes (Teleostei, Atherinomorpha). Bulletin of the American Museum Natural History 168: 335-557.

Robins, C.R., Bailey, R.M., Bond, C.E., Brooker, J.R., Lachner, E.A., Lea, R.N. and Scott, W.B. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society.

Wiley, E.O. 1986. A study of the evolutionary relationships of Fundulus topminnows (Teleostei: Fundulidae). American Zoologist 26: 121-130.

Williams, James D. and Etnier, David A. (1982). Description of a new species, Fundulus julisia, with a redescription of Fundulus albolineatus and a diagnosis of the subgenus Xenisma (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae). Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History University of Kansas 102: 1-20

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996). Fundulus albolineatus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. ( Downloaded on 04 February 2012.


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