Fundulus albolineatus Gilbert, 1891

Whiteline topminnow



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 27 May 1889 (Miller et al. 1989:31)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


Recent surveys at the type locality have failed to rediscover this species.



Spring Creek and Big Spring, Huntsville, Madison County, Alabama, USA


Biology & Ecology




25 preserved specimens exist, all collected by P. H. Kirsch, U.S. Bureau of Fisheries, on the 27th and 28th of May, 1889 (Williams & Etnier, 1982). However, Gilbert (1891) did not designate a holotype from the type series when he originally described the species. Williams & Etnier (1982) assigned a lectotype, which means the rest of the series became paralectotypes.



USNM 125055 (male)



USNM 225996 (1)

UMMZ 157629 (1)

CAS 44176 (9)

SU 1029 (8)


Other specimens (originally erroneously catalogued as F. catenatus, and subsequently correctly assigned to F. albolineatus)


USNM 63133 (5)






Original scientific description:

Gilbert, C. H. (1891). Report of explorations made in Alabama during 1889, with notes of the fishes of the Tennessee, Alabama, and Escambia rivers. Bull. U.S. Fish. Comm. 9: 143-159.


Other references:

Armstrong, J. G. and Williams, J. D. (1971). Cave and spring fishes of the southern bend of the Tennessee River. J. Tenn. Acad. Sci. 46(3): 107-115.

Jelks, Howard L., Walsh, Stephen J., Burkhead, Noel M., Contreras-Balderas, Salvador, Díaz-Pardo, Edmundo, Hendrickson, Dean A., Lyons, J., Mandrak, Nicholas E., McCormick, Frank, Nelson, Joseph F., Platania, Steven P., Porter, Brady A., Renaud, Claude B., Schmitter-Soto, Juan Jacabo, Taylor, Eric B. and Warren, Melvin L. Jr. (2008). Conservation status of imperiled North American freshwater and diadromous fishes. Fisheries 33(8): 372-407.

Miller, R. R., Williams, J. D. and Williams, J. E. (1989). Extinctions of North American fishes during the past century. Fisheries 14(6): 22-38.

Williams, James D. and Etnier, David A. (1982). Description of a new species, Fundulus julisia, with a redescription of Fundulus albolineatus and a diagnosis of the subgenus Xenisma (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae). Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History University of Kansas 102: 1-20

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996). Fundulus albolineatus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. ( Downloaded on 04 February 2012.


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