Empetrichthys merriami Gilbert, 1893

Ash Meadows killifish, Ash Meadows poolfish



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1942 (Miller, 1961); 7 September 1948 (Miller et al. 1989:31)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Ash Meadows, Nevada, USA


Biology & Ecology




USNM 131151.5042701 (1 fish)

USNM 46101.5010963 (3 fish)

USNM 46102.5010964 (2 fish)

USNM 46103.5010965 (1 fish)


See here: https://www.fishnet2.net/search.aspx






Original scientific description:

Gilbert, C. H. (1893). Report on the fishes of the Death Valley Expedition collected in southern California and Nevada in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, Number 7: 229-234. 


Other references:

Walton Beacham: World Wildlife Fund Guide to Extinct Species of Modern Times. 1997, ISBN 0-933833-40-7, pp 272–273.

Campbell, D. C. and Piller, K. R. (2017). Let’s jump in: A phylogenetic study of the great basin springfishes and poolfishes, Crenichthys and Empetrichthys (Cyprinodontiformes: Goodeidae). PLoS ONE 12(10): e0185425.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

C. H. Eigenmann: On the Genera Orestias and Empetrichthys In: Copeia No. 89, 1920, pp 103–106

Jelks, Howard L., Walsh, Stephen J., Burkhead, Noel M., Contreras-Balderas, Salvador, Díaz-Pardo, Edmundo, Hendrickson, Dean A., Lyons, J., Mandrak, Nicholas E., McCormick, Frank, Nelson, Joseph F., Platania, Steven P., Porter, Brady A., Renaud, Claude B., Schmitter-Soto, Juan Jacabo, Taylor, Eric B. and Warren, Melvin L. Jr. (2008). Conservation status of imperiled North American freshwater and diadromous fishes. Fisheries 33(8): 372-407.

David Starr Jordan & Barton Warren Evermann: The fishes of North and Middle America : a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama, Bulletin of the United National Museum No. 47, Vol. 1, pp 630–702

David S. Lee, Carter R. Gilbert, Charles H. Hocutt, Robert E. Jenkins, Don E. McAllister, Jay R. Stauffer, Jr.: Atlas of North American Freshwater Fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh NC 1980, ISBN 0-917134-03-6, p 506

Miller, Robert Rush. (1948). The cyprinodont fishes of the Death Valley system of eastern California and southwestern Nevada. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 68: 1-155.

Miller, Robert Rush. (1961). Man and the changing fish fauna of the American southwest. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 46: 365-404.

Miller, R. R. (1969). Conservation of fishes in the Death Valley system in California and Nevada. Cal-Nevada Section. The Wildlife Society Transactions 1969: 107-122.

Miller, R. R., Williams, J. D. and Williams, J. E. (1989). Extinctions of North American fishes during the past century. Fisheries 14(6): 22-38.

G. S. Myers: The primary groups of oviparous cyprinodont fishes. Stanford University Publications, University Series, Biological Sciences No. 6, pp 243-254.

Lynne R. Parenti: A phylogenetic and biogeographic analysis of cyprinodontiform fishes (Teleostei, Atherinomorpha). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History; Vol. 168, article 4, 1981, p 516.

Ira La Rivers: Fishes and Fisheries of Nevada. Nevada State Fish and Game Commission, Carson City 1962, p 520–523

Sokol, O. (1954). To the desert for fishes. Aquarium J. 25: 178-182.

Soltz, D. L. and Naiman, R. J. (1978). The natural history of native fishes in the Death Valley system. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 30: 1-76.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996). Empetrichthys merriami. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 12 March 2013.



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