Elassoma alabamae Mayden, 1993:2

Spring pygmy sunfish



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1941

Rediscovered in 1973



Alabama (northern), USA


Anatomy & Morphology

Maximum known size: 25.5 mm SL ()


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: UAIC 10275.01 (Gilbert, 2004:1)


Other specimens:

TU 165003 (n=10)

UF93287.10 (n=10)

INHS 28234 (n=10)






Original scientific description:

Mayden, Richard L. (1993). Elassoma alabamae, a New Species of Pygmy Sunfish Endemic to the Tennessee River Drainage of Alabama (Teleostei: Elassomatidae). Bull. Alabama Mus. Nat. Hist. 16: 1-14.

Other references:

Bennett, Micah G. and Conway, Kevin W. (2010). An overview of North America’s diminutive freshwater fish faunaAn overview of North America’s diminutive freshwater fish fauna. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters 21(1): 63-72, 3 figs., 1 tab.

Conway, Kevin W. and Mayden, Richard L. (2006). Threatened fishes of the world: Elassoma alabamae Mayden, 1993 (Elassomatidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 75: 195-196.

Gilbert, C. R. (2004). Family Elassomatidae Jordan 1877. Pygmy sunfishes. Calif. Acad. Sci. Annotated Checklists of Fishes No. 33 . 5pp.

Jandebeur, T. S. (1979). Distribution, life history, and ecology of the spring pygmy sunfish, Elassoma species. Unpublished report prepared for Albert McDonald. 22 pp.

Jandebeur, Thomas S. (1982). A status report on the spring pygmy sunfish, Elassoma sp., in northcentral Alabama. Association Southeastern Biologists, Bulletin 29(2): 66.

Jandebeur, Thomas S. (2011). Influence of beaver (Castor canadensis) and ecological succession on the life history and distribution of the Spring pygmy sunfish (Elassoma alabamae). Technical report.

Jandebeur, Thomas S. (2015). Elassoma alabamae (Spring pygmy sunfish): Growth rate, individual size differences, subpopulation stability, and impact of drought. Technical report.

Mettee, M. F. and Pulliam, J. J. (1986). Reintroduction of an undescribed species of Elassoma into Pryor Branch, Limestone County, Alabama. Southeastern Fishes Council Proceedings 4:14-15.

Mettee, M. F. and Scharpf, C. (1998). Reproductive behavior, embryology, and larval development of four species of pygmy sunfish. American Currents 24(1): 1-10.

NatureServe. (2014). Elassoma alabamae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T202436A13482095. Accessed on 02 September 2023.


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