Cyprinodon latifasciatus Garman, 1881

Perritos de Parras, Parras pupfish



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Cyprinodon bovinus latifasciatus Garman, 1881


Conservation Status

Last record: 1903

Rediscovered in 2012

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)


At least one extensive survey (in 1953) has failed to produce any evidence that the species still persists, and was thought likely extinct as the result of modification of its habitat by humans. Estimated date of extinction: 1930 (Burkhead, 2012). However, a single specimen was found in 2012 (Valdes Gonzales, 2019).



Parras Springs, Mexico


Biology & Ecology




Type locality: Spring near Parras, Coahuila, Mexico.


Lectotype: MCZ 37995 (ex MCZ 24884)



MCZ 24883 (2), 24884 (now 9), 37995 (1)

SMNS 3035 (1)

UMMZ 163091 [ex MCZ 24884] (2)

USNM 120254 (4) [ex MCZ 24884], 163091 (2) [ex MCZ 24884]






Original scientific description:

Garman, Samuel. (1881). New and little-known Reptiles and Fishes in the Museum Collections. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 8(3): 85-93.


Other references:

Burkhead, Noel M. (2012). Extinction Rates in North American Freshwater Fishes, 1900–2010. BioScience 62(9): 798-808.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Fricke, Ronald. (2005). Types in the fish collection of the Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde in Stuttgart, described in 1845–2004. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie A (Biologie), Number 684: 1-95.

Hoagstrom, Christopher W. and Osborne, Megan J. (2021). Biogeography of Cyprinodon Across the Great Plains-Chihuahuan Desert Region and Adjacent Areas. Proceedings of the Desert Fishes Council Special Publication 2021: 20-76.

Lozano-Vilano, M. L. and Maza-Benignos, M. De La. (2016). Diversity and status of Mexican killifishes. Journal of Fish Biology. DOI: 10.1111/jfb.13186 [Abstract]

Meek, Seth Eugene. (1904). The fresh-water fishes of Mexico north of the isthmus of Tehuantepec. Chicago: Columbian Field Museum. lxiii + 252 pp. [17.6 MB]

Miller, Robert Rush. (1961). Man and the changing fish fauna of the American southwest. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 46: 365-404.

Miller, Robert Rush. (1964). Redescription and illustration of Cyprinodon latifasciatus, an extinct Cyprinodontid fish from Coahuila, Mexico. The Southwestern Naturalist 9(2): 62-67. [Abstract]

Miller, R. R., Williams, J. D. and Williams, J. E. (1989). Extinctions of North American fishes during the past century. Fisheries 14(6): 22-38.

Valdes Gonzales, A. 2019. Cyprinodon latifasciatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T6155A3105057. Accessed on 22 July 2022.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1996. Cyprinodon latifasciatus. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. ( Downloaded on 23 April 2011.


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