Cottus echinatus Bailey & Bond, 1963

Utah Lake sculpin



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct (Burkhead, 2012)

Last record: 1920's (NatureServe, 2013); April 1928 (Miller et al. 1989:34)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


The last specimen caught was in 1928, with the species believed to have gone extinct less than a decade later. Estimated date of extinction: 1928 (Burkhead, 2012).



Utah Lake, Utah, USA


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: UMMZ 177376 (female)



UMMZ 156794 (2 individuals)

USNM 197681 (2 individuals)

USNM 30808

USNM 27414 (2 individuals)


Other specimens:

CAS 38044 (3 fish)


See here:



For a picture of two preserved individuals see:



Original scientific description:

Bailey, Reeve M. and Bond, Carl E. (1963). Four new species of freshwater sculpins, genus Cottus, from western North America. Occasional papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan no. 634 (pp.27).


Other references:

Burkhead, Noel M. (2012). Extinction Rates in North American Freshwater Fishes, 1900–2010. BioScience 62(9): 798-808.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Heckmann, R. A. et al. (1981). Fishes of Utah Lake. Great Basin Nat. Mem. 5: 107-127.

Jelks, Howard L., Walsh, Stephen J., Burkhead, Noel M., Contreras-Balderas, Salvador, Díaz-Pardo, Edmundo, Hendrickson, Dean A., Lyons, J., Mandrak, Nicholas E., McCormick, Frank, Nelson, Joseph F., Platania, Steven P., Porter, Brady A., Renaud, Claude B., Schmitter-Soto, Juan Jacabo, Taylor, Eric B. and Warren, Melvin L. Jr. (2008). Conservation status of imperiled North American freshwater and diadromous fishes. Fisheries 33(8): 372-407.

Koster, W.J. 1937. The food of the sculpin (Cottidae) in central New York. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 66: 374-382.

Koster, W.J. 1939. Some phases of the life history and relationships of the cyprinid Clinostomus elongatus (Kirtland). Copeia 1939(4): 201-208.

Lee, D.S., Gilbert, C.R., Hocutt, C.H., Jenkins, R.E., McAllister, D.E. and Stauffer, J.R. Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Miller, R. R., Williams, J. D. and Williams, J. E. (1989). Extinctions of North American fishes during the past century. Fisheries 14(6): 22-38.

NatureServe. (2013). Cottus echinatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T5438A15361621. Downloaded on 25 June 2021.

Nelson, J.S. 1984. Fishes of the world. John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York.

Nelson, J.S., Crossman, E.J., Espinosa-Perez, H., Findley, L.T., Gilbert, C.R., Lea, R.N. and Williams, J.D. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Page, L.M. and Burr, B.M. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, Massachusetts.

Robins, C.R., Bailey, R.M., Bond, C.E., Brooker, J.R., Lachner, E.A., Lea, R.N. and Scott, W.B. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996). Cottus echinatus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 04 May 2013.


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