Aphanius farsicus Teimori, Esmaeili & Reichenbacher, 2011

Farsi tooth-carp



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Aphanius persicus Jenkins, 1910 (junior homonym)


Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild



Lake Maharlun basin, Iran


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Teimori, Azad et al. (2011). Aphanius farsicus, a replacement name for A. persicus (Jenkins, 1910) (Teleostei, Cyprinodontidae). Zootaxa 3096: 53-58.


Other references:

Alcaraz, Carles et al. (2015). Herbivory and seasonal changes in diet of a highly endemic cyprinodontid fish (Aphanius farsicus). Environ. Biol. Fish. 98: 1541-1554.

Amin, Omar M. et al. (2013). The Description and Host–Parasite Relationships of a New Quadrigyrid Species (Acanthocephala) from the Persian Tooth-Carp, Aphanius farsicus (Actinoptreygii: Cyprinodontidae) in Iran. J. Parasitol. 99(2): 257-263.

Coad, B. W. (1998). Systematic biodiversity in the freshwater fishes of Iran. Ital. J. Zool. 65: 101-108.

Esmaeili, Hamid Reza and Freyhof, Jörg. (2014). Aphanius farsicus might be extinct in the wild. Saving Freshwater Fishes and Habitats 4: 30.

Esmaeili, Hamid Reza, Masoudi M., Ebrahimi M., Elmi A. (2016). Review of Aphanius farsicus: a critically endangered species (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae) in Iran. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology 3(1): 1-18. [automatic download]

Esmaeili, Hamid Reza et al. (2018). Checklist of freshwater fishes of Iran. FishTaxa 3(3): 1-95.

Esmaeili, H. R., Teimori, A., Zarei, F., Sayyadzadeh, G. (2020). DNA barcoding and species delimitation of the Old World tooth-carps, family Aphaniidae Hoedeman, 1949 (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes). PLoS ONE 15(4): e0231717.

Gholami Z., Esmaeili H.R., Erpenbeck D., Reichenbacher B. (2015). Genetic connectivity and phenotypic plasticity in the cyprinodont Aphanius farsicus from the Maharlu Basin, south-western Iran. Journal of Fish Biology 86(3): 882-906.

Keivany, Y. and Esmaeili, H. R. (2013). Threatened fishes of the world: Aphanius farsicus Teimori, Esmaeili and Reichenbacher, 2011 (Cyprinodontidae). Croatian Journal of Fisheries 71(4): 192-194.

Masoudi, Mojtaba et al. (2021). Is the hybridization phenomenon traceable in the otolith and scale of extant Aphanius species? – A case study on hybrid offsprings of Aphanius farsicus X A. sophiae (Teleostei: Aphaniidae). Acta Zoologica 102(2): 182-191.

Vahed, Nafiseh Sanjarani, Esmaeili, Hamid Reza, Masoudi, Mojtaba and Ebrahimi, Mehregan. (2017). Towards the conservation of a critically endangered species, Aphanius farsicus: embryogenesis and development. Environmental Biology of Fishes 101: 193-202.

Vahed, Nafiseh Sanjarani, Esmaeili, Hamid Reza, Masoudi, Mojtaba and Reichenbacher, Bettina. (2018). Early otolith development in the critically endangered tooth-carp, Aphanius farsicus (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 101: 1309-1317.


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