Anampses viridis Valenciennes, 1840

Mauritius green wrasse



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Anampses rubroviridis Liénard, 1891; Anampses viridus Valenciennes, 1840


Conservation Status

Invalid (synonym)?

Last record: before 1840

IUCN RedList status: Data Deficient


Nothing is known about the Mauritius green wrasse (Anampses viridis) except those facts which have been adduced from examining the preserved specimen. Therefore the reason/s for its presumed extinction can only be guessed, as can the extinction timeline. However, this species may be a synonym of A. caeruleopunctatus (Russell & Craig, 2013).





Biology & Ecology




Lectotype: MNHN A-8244


Paralectotype: MNHN A-8243


According to (Cabanban & Pollard, 2010) Anampses viridis is only known from the type specimen (i.e. holotype). But this seems to be an error.






Original scientific description:

Cuvier, G. and Valenciennes, A. (1840). Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome quatorzième. Suite du livre seizième. Labroïdes. Livre dix-septième. Des Malacoptérygiens. 14: i-xxii + 2 pp. + 1-464 + 4 pp., Pls. 389-420.


Other references:

Cabanban, A. and Pollard, D. (2010). Anampses viridis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 25 July 2012.

del Monte-Luna, P, Lluch-Belda, D, Serviere-Zaragoza, E, Carmona, R, Reyes-Bonilla, H, Aurioles-Gamboa, D, Castro-Aguirre, JL, del Próo SA, G, Trujillo-Millán, O and Brook, BW (2007) Marine extinctions revisited. Fish and Fisheries 8(2), 107–122.

del Monte-Luna, Pablo et al. (2023). A review of recent and future marine extinctions. Cambridge Prisms: Extinction 1: e13.

Dulvy, Nicholas K., Pinnegar, John K. and Reynolds, John D. (2009). Holocene extinctions in the sea, pp. 129-150. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Dulvy, NK, Sadovy, Y and Reynolds, JD (2003) Extinction vulnerability in marine populations. Fish and Fisheries 4(1), 25–64.

Hawkins, JP, Roberts, CM and Clark, V (2000) The threatened status of restricted-range coral reef fish species. Animal Conservation 3(1), 81–88.

Randall, J. E. (1972). A revision of the labrid fish genus Anampses. Micronesica 8(1-2): 151-190.

Russell, Barry C. and Craig, Matthew T. (2013). Anampses viridis Valenciennes 1840 (Pisces: Labridae)–a case of taxonomic confusion and mistaken extinction. Zootaxa 3722 (1): 083-091. [Abstract]


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