Arachis ipaensis Krapov. & W.C.Greg.



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild?

Last record: 1977

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct in the Wild)





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

 Krapovickas, A. and Gregory, W. C. (2007). Taxonomy of the genus Arachis (Leguminosae). Bonplandia 16 (Supl.): 1-205.


Other references:

Atahuachi, M. 2008. Arachis ipaensis. In: VMABCC-BIOVERSITY (ed.), Libro Rojo de parientes silvestres de cultivos de Bolivia, pp. 184-186. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Agua Viceministerio de Medio Ambiente, Biodiversidad y Cambios Climaticos, La Paz.

Atahuachi, M., Simon, M.F., Valls, J.F.M., Cadima, X., Barlow, J. & Patiño, F. 2020. Arachis ipaensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T62757989A62757993. Accessed on 05 July 2022.

Bachman, S., Moat, J., Hill, A.W., de la Torre, J. and Scott, B. 2011. Supporting Red List threat assessments with GeoCAT: geospatial conservation assessment tool. In: V. Smith and L. Penev (eds) e-Infrastructures for data publishing in biodiversity science. Zookeys 150: 117–126.

Ferguson, M.E., Jarvis, A., Stalker, H.T., Williams, D.E., Guarino, L., Valls, J.F.M., Pittman, R.N., Simpson, C.E. and Bramel, P.J. 2005. Biogeography of wild Arachis (Leguminosae): distribution and environmental characterisation. Biodiversity and Conservation 14: 1777-1798.

Jarvis, A., Ferguson, M.E., Williams, D.E., Guarino, L., Jones, P.G., Stalker, H.T., Valls, J.F.M., Pittman, R.N., Simpson, C.E. and Bramel, P. 2003. Biogeography of wild Arachis: Assessing conservation status and setting future priorities. Crop Science 43: 1100-1108.

Navarro, G. and Ferreira, W. 2007. Mapa de vegetación de Bolivia: CD-ROM interactivo. Cochabamba, Bolivia

Pacheco, G., Gagliardi, R.F., Valls, J.F.M and Mansur, E. 2009. Micropropagation and in vitro conservation of wild Arachis species. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 99(3): 239-249.

Seijo, J.G., Lavia, G.I., Fernández, A., Krapovickas, A., Ducasse, D. and Moscone, E. 2004. Physical mapping of the 5S and 18S-25S rRNA genes by FISH as evidence that Arachis duranensis and A. ipaensis are the wild diploid progenitors of A. hypogaea (Leguminosae). American Journal of Botany 91(9): 1294-1303.

Stalker, H.T., Seijo, S.P. and Leal-Bertioli, S.C. 2016. Biology, speciation, and utilization of peanut species. In: Stalker, H.T. and Wilson, R.F. (eds), Peanuts: Genetics, processing, and uilization, pp. 27-66. Academic Press and AOCS Press.

Vincent, H., Wiersema, J., Kell, S., Fielder, H., Dobbie, S., Castañeda-Alvarez, N.P., Guarino, L., Eastwood, R., Leόn, B. and Maxted, N. 2013. A prioritized crop wild relative inventory to help underpin global food security. Biological Conservation 167: 265–275.


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