Solenodon arredondoi Morgan & Ottenwalder, 1993:154

Giant solenodon



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Solenodon cf. cubanus (Morgan et al., 1980)


The existence of this recently extinct species was first mentioned in the literature by (Morgan et al. 1980) and subsequently described by (Morgan & Ottenwalder, 1993) when diagnostic material became available for comparison with [i]S. cubanus[/i], the other solenodon species known from Cuba.


Conservation Status


Last record: late Quaternary



Cuba (western)


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:
Morgan, Gary S. and Ottenwalder, Jose A. (1993). A new extinct species of Solenodon (Mammalia: Insectivora: Solenodontidae) from the late Quaternary of Cuba. Annals of Carnegie Museum 62(2): 151-164.
Other references:

Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.

Bannikova, Anna A. (2018). Molecular evolution of Eulipotyphla: unresolved problems of phylogenetic reconstruction. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy 29(XI ATIt Congress Supplement): 5.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Ignacio Ramos García and Rafael Borroto Páez. (2000). Ejemplares tipo de mamíferos en colecciones cubanas. Orsis 15: 75-89.

Herrera-Uria, Jane et al. (2015). Type specimens housed in the National Museum of Natural History of Cuba. Solenodon 12: 84-123.

McDowell, Samuel Booker Jnr. (1958). The Greater Antillean Insectivores. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 115(3): 113-214, figures 1-46, tables 1, 2.

Morgan, G. S., and J. A. Ottenwalder. 1993. A new extinct species of Solenodon (Mammalia: Insectivora: Solenodontidae) from the Late Quaternary of Cuba. Annals of Carnegie Museum, 62:151-164.

Morgan, Gary S., Ray, Clayton E. and Arredondo, Oscar. (1980). A giant extinct insectivore from Cuba (Mammalia: Insectivora: Solenodontidae). Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 93: 597-608.

Ottenwalder, J. A. (2001). Systematics and biogeography of the West Indian genus Solenodon. In Biogeography of the West Indies: patterns and perspectives (ed. C.A. Woods & F.E. Sergile), pp. 253-330. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Past and present of insular Caribbean mammals: understanding Holocene extinctions to inform modern biodiversity conservation. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 913-917.

Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.M. 2005 Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press. [Short summary]


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